Difference between revisions of "Nityamukta"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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nityamukta (‘the eternally free’)
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The Vedānta philosophy has branched off into three main schools: advaita, viśiṣṭādvaita and dvaita.
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In the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, the jīvas (individual souls) are divided into three varieties of whom nityasuris or nityamuktas (like Adiśeṣa, Garuḍa and Viṣvaksena) are the first. They were never in bondage, but ever happy in the company
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of Lord Viṣṇu.
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In the Dvaita Vedānta, the word is
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applied only to Brahman or God and Lakṣmi, his consort.
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See viśistādvaita-vedānta-darśana.
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nityānuvāda (‘a permanent reiterating statement’)
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The Purvamimāriisā system of Hindu philosophy deals with the various modes of interpreting and understanding the Vedic statements. One of them is arthavāda. (See ARTHAVĀDA for details.)
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One of the three aspects of arthavāda is anuvāda. When a statement reiterates something which has already been known otherwise it is called ‘anuvāda’ (anu = following; vāda = stating or statement). For instance, the statement ‘agnir himasya bheṣajam,’ ‘Fire is the antidote for cold’ (Taittiriya Sarhhitā 7.4.18.2) contains a truth already known through direct experience.
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A subsidiary aspect of anuvāda is nityānuvāda. When a Vedic text apparently prohibits something which can never happen, it is called ‘nityānuvāda’. For example: ‘The Vedic altar should not be piled on bare earth, nor in the sky, nor in heaven.’ In this sentence, the piling of the Vedic altar in the way described is never done. The latter two options can never happen! Hence it is called ‘nityānuvāda’.
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This word occurs in the Āpastamba Dharmasutras (2.6.14.3) and in the Purva-mlmāmsāsutras of Jaimini (2.4.26; 9.4.36).
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
nityamukta (‘the eternally free’)
 
nityamukta (‘the eternally free’)
 
The Vedānta philosophy has branched off into three main schools: advaita, viśiṣṭādvaita and dvaita.
 
The Vedānta philosophy has branched off into three main schools: advaita, viśiṣṭādvaita and dvaita.

Revision as of 09:19, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

nityamukta (‘the eternally free’)

The Vedānta philosophy has branched off into three main schools: advaita, viśiṣṭādvaita and dvaita.

In the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, the jīvas (individual souls) are divided into three varieties of whom nityasuris or nityamuktas (like Adiśeṣa, Garuḍa and Viṣvaksena) are the first. They were never in bondage, but ever happy in the company

of Lord Viṣṇu.

In the Dvaita Vedānta, the word is

applied only to Brahman or God and Lakṣmi, his consort.

See viśistādvaita-vedānta-darśana.

nityānuvāda (‘a permanent reiterating statement’)

The Purvamimāriisā system of Hindu philosophy deals with the various modes of interpreting and understanding the Vedic statements. One of them is arthavāda. (See ARTHAVĀDA for details.)

One of the three aspects of arthavāda is anuvāda. When a statement reiterates something which has already been known otherwise it is called ‘anuvāda’ (anu = following; vāda = stating or statement). For instance, the statement ‘agnir himasya bheṣajam,’ ‘Fire is the antidote for cold’ (Taittiriya Sarhhitā 7.4.18.2) contains a truth already known through direct experience.

A subsidiary aspect of anuvāda is nityānuvāda. When a Vedic text apparently prohibits something which can never happen, it is called ‘nityānuvāda’. For example: ‘The Vedic altar should not be piled on bare earth, nor in the sky, nor in heaven.’ In this sentence, the piling of the Vedic altar in the way described is never done. The latter two options can never happen! Hence it is called ‘nityānuvāda’.

This word occurs in the Āpastamba Dharmasutras (2.6.14.3) and in the Purva-mlmāmsāsutras of Jaimini (2.4.26; 9.4.36).


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

nityamukta (‘the eternally free’) The Vedānta philosophy has branched off into three main schools: advaita, viśiṣṭādvaita and dvaita. In the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, the jīvas (individual souls) are divided into three varieties of whom nityasuris or nityamuktas (like Adiśeṣa, Garuḍa and Viṣvaksena) are the first. They were never in bondage, but ever happy in the company of Lord Viṣṇu. In the Dvaita Vedānta, the word is applied only to Brahman or God and Lakṣmi, his consort. See VIŚIṣṛĀDVAITA-VEDĀNTA-DARŚANA.