Nivṛtti

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nivṛtti (‘withdrawal’) Pravṛtti and nivṛtti are two words often met with in the works on the Vedānta. They mean activism and with¬drawal. The path of the gṛhastha or the householder is pravṛttimārga and that of the saiṅnyāsin, the monk, is the nivṛtti- mārga. A householder is actively engaged in several works advocated by the scriptures, to fulfil his duties at the personal, the family and the social level. The entire social structure depends upon this activism on his part. On the other hand, a saiṅnyāsin is expected to spend most of his time in the contemplation on the ātman/Brahman and teach others the path to perfection, out of the fulness of his own experience. For this he has to give up all other activities which he might have been doing in an earlier stage. This giving up is nivṛtti and the path itself (of the saiṅnyāsin) is called nivṛttimārga.