By Swami Harshananda
Nivid literally means ‘to proclaim,’ ‘proclamation mantra’.
In the Somayāgas, the soma juice has to be extracted from the stalks three times a day. They are called:
- Prātassavana - It is the pressing done in the morning.
- Mādhyandinasavana - It is the pressing done in the noon.
- Tṛtīyasavana - It is the pressing done in the evening.
During the last two extractions śastras are recited. The nivids are a part of these. They are short mantras consisting of twelve clauses. They declare the names of the deities concerned and are repeated loudly. They are recited by the hotṛ priest.
- Somayāgas are the Vedic sacrifices where the soma juice is used.
- Śastras means the laudatory hymns.
- Aitareya Brāhmana 10.2
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore