nivid (‘to proclaim,’ ‘proclamation [mantra]’) In the Somayāgas (Vedic sacrifices where the soma juice is used), the soma juice has to be extracted from the stalks three times a day. They are called: prātassavana, mādhyandinasavana and tṛtīyasavana. They respectively represent the extraction done in the morning, after¬noon and later (tṛtīya = third). During the last two extractions śastras (laudatory hymns) are recited. The nivids are a part of these. They are short mantras consisting of twelve clauses (vide Aitareya Brāhmana 10.2). They declare the names of the deities concerned and are repeated loudly. They are recited by the hotṛ priest. See also HOTR and ŚASTRA.