Difference between revisions of "Pāraskara Gṛhyasutras"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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Pāraskara Gṛhyasutras
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The gṛhyasutras are one of the earliest phases of the dharmaśāstra literature.
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The Pāraskara Grhyasutras is a well-known work, assigned to the Sukla Yajurveda tradition and followed mostly in North India.
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Nothing is known about the sage Pāraskara except that he was a disciple of the sage Kātyāyana who was the author of the Srautasutras bearing his name. According to one view, Pāraskara might have lived during the period 900-800 B. C. However it is difficult to prove it conclusively.
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The work is in three kāṇḍas or chapters.
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The following table gives an idea of the work:
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Kāṇda  (Chapter) Kaṇdikas  (Subsections) Sutras
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First 19 197
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Second 17 294
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Third 16 219
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Total : 3 52 710
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The topics dealt with are, briefly, as follows:
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On Vedic sacrifices in general; the samskāra or the sacrament of vivāha or marriage; Darśapurṇamāsa and Vaiśva-deva sacrifices; some more samskāras generally included in the group of sixteen (= ṣoḍaśasamskāras); on eating flesh; upanayana and the duties of brahmacārin; a special sacrifice called Sītāyajña to be performed in the spring season; the sacrifice called Āgrayaṇī to be performed with the newly harvested crop; some miscellaneous subjects like a cure for headaches, controlling one’s employees, a few prāyaścittas or expiations for sins, modes of getting into a chariot and entering an assembly where many people have gathered.
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Five commentaries on this Grhyasutras have been discovered: by
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Gadādhara; by Harihara (Hariharabhāsya) by Karkācārya; by Jayarāma; and by Viśvanātha. There is one gloss called Amrtavyākhyā, quoted by other writers, but the author is not known.
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paraśu (‘[that by which] the enemies are dismembered,’ ‘a battle-axe’)
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The various deities of the Hindu pantheon are shown not only with many hands but also with several objects including weapons. One such is the paraśu
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(also called khaṇḍaparaśu) or the battle-axe.
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It is generally shown in the hands of the male deities like Śiva and Gaṇeśa, and occasionally in the hands of the Devī also.
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Paraśurāma, considered as one of the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu, had this as his main weapon.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
Pāraskara Gṛhyasutras
 
Pāraskara Gṛhyasutras
 
The gṛhyasutras are one of the earliest phases of the dharmaśāstra literature.
 
The gṛhyasutras are one of the earliest phases of the dharmaśāstra literature.

Revision as of 09:19, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Paraskara Grhyasutras, PAraskara GRhyasutras, Paaraskara Grrihyasutras


Pāraskara Gṛhyasutras

The gṛhyasutras are one of the earliest phases of the dharmaśāstra literature.

The Pāraskara Grhyasutras is a well-known work, assigned to the Sukla Yajurveda tradition and followed mostly in North India.

Nothing is known about the sage Pāraskara except that he was a disciple of the sage Kātyāyana who was the author of the Srautasutras bearing his name. According to one view, Pāraskara might have lived during the period 900-800 B. C. However it is difficult to prove it conclusively.

The work is in three kāṇḍas or chapters.

The following table gives an idea of the work:

Kāṇda (Chapter) Kaṇdikas (Subsections) Sutras First 19 197 Second 17 294 Third 16 219 Total : 3 52 710

The topics dealt with are, briefly, as follows:

On Vedic sacrifices in general; the samskāra or the sacrament of vivāha or marriage; Darśapurṇamāsa and Vaiśva-deva sacrifices; some more samskāras generally included in the group of sixteen (= ṣoḍaśasamskāras); on eating flesh; upanayana and the duties of brahmacārin; a special sacrifice called Sītāyajña to be performed in the spring season; the sacrifice called Āgrayaṇī to be performed with the newly harvested crop; some miscellaneous subjects like a cure for headaches, controlling one’s employees, a few prāyaścittas or expiations for sins, modes of getting into a chariot and entering an assembly where many people have gathered.

Five commentaries on this Grhyasutras have been discovered: by

Gadādhara; by Harihara (Hariharabhāsya) by Karkācārya; by Jayarāma; and by Viśvanātha. There is one gloss called Amrtavyākhyā, quoted by other writers, but the author is not known.

paraśu (‘[that by which] the enemies are dismembered,’ ‘a battle-axe’)

The various deities of the Hindu pantheon are shown not only with many hands but also with several objects including weapons. One such is the paraśu

(also called khaṇḍaparaśu) or the battle-axe.

It is generally shown in the hands of the male deities like Śiva and Gaṇeśa, and occasionally in the hands of the Devī also.

Paraśurāma, considered as one of the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu, had this as his main weapon.

References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Pāraskara Gṛhyasutras The gṛhyasutras are one of the earliest phases of the dharmaśāstra literature. The Pāraskara Grhyasutras is a well-known work, assigned to the Sukla Yajurveda tradition and followed mostly in North India. Nothing is known about the sage Pāraskara except that he was a disciple of the sage Kātyāyana who was the author of the Srautasutras bearing his name. According to one view, Pāraskara might have lived during the period 900-800 B. C. However it is difficult to prove it conclu-sively. The work is in three kāṇḍas or chapters. The following table gives an idea of the work: Kāṇḍa (Chapter) Kaṇdikas (Subsections) Sutras First 19 197 Second 17 294 Third 16 219 Total : 3 52 710

The topics dealt with are, briefly, as follows: On Vedic sacrifices in general; the samskāra or the sacrament of vivāha or marriage; Darśapurṇamāsa and Vaiśva- deva sacrifices; some more saiñskāras generally included in the group of sixteen (= ṣoḍaśasaiṅskāras); on eating flesh; upanayana and the duties of brahmacārin; a special sacrifice called Sītāyajña to be performed in the spring season; the sacrifice called Āgrayaṇī to be performed with the newly harvested crop; some miscellaneous subjects like a cure for headaches, controlling one’s employees, a few prāyaścittas or expiations for sins, modes of getting into a chariot and entering an assembly where many people have gathered. Five commentaries on this Grhya¬sutras have been discovered: by Gadādhara; by Harihara (Hariharabhāsya) by Karkācārya; by Jayarāma; and by Viśvanātha. There is one gloss called Amrtavyākhyā, quoted by other writers, but the author is not known.