Difference between revisions of "Pañcaśikha"

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Pañcaśikha (‘one with five locks of hair [on the head]’)
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
One of the six systems of Hindu philosophy whose elements are rooted in the Vedic literature, and, which is extant even today as an important subject of study is the Sāṅkhya Darśana. This system is said to have been originally taught by the sage Kapila and further expounded and expanded by his disciple Asuri as also his student Pañcaśikha.
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One Pañcaśikha is mentioned by the Mahābhārata (Sāntiparva, 219) as a
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Pañcaśikha literally means ‘one with five locks of hair on the head'.
teacher of the king Janaka.
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He is said to have authored a voluminous work, Sastitantra (in sixty chapters, in two parts, containing thirty two and twenty-eight chapters each) which is not available now. This name might have been given to that work since it was said to deal with sixty (= sasṭi) topics of Sāñkhya philosophy.
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==Pañcaśikha as per Sāṅkhya Darśana==
Twenty-one sutras in prose have been quoted in the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yoga- sutras of Patañjali (200 B. C.) as of Pañcaśikha.
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One of the six systems of the religious philosophy whose elements are rooted in the Vedic literature and which is extant even today as an important subject of study is the Sāṅkhya [[Darśana]]. This system is said to have been originally taught by the sage [[Kapila]] and further expounded and expanded by his disciple [[Asuri]] and his student Pañcaśikha also.
B33*
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He might have lived during the first century B. C.
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==Pañcaśikha as per Mahābhārata==
His Sāṅkhya probably represents a transitional stage from that of the Upaniṣads to that propounded by īśvara- kṛṣṇa (A. D. 350) in his Sāñkhyakārikā.
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One Pañcaśikha is mentioned by the Mahā[[bhārata]]<ref>Śāntiparva, 219</ref> as a teacher of the king Janaka. He is said to have authored a voluminous work, Sastitantra<ref>It is in sixty chapters, in two parts, containing thirty two and twenty-eight chapters each.</ref> which is not available now. This name might have been given to that work since it was said to deal with sixty<ref>Sixty means ṣaṣṭi.</ref> topics of Sāñkhya philosophy.
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==Pañcaśikha as per Yogasutras==
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Twenty-one sutras in prose have been quoted in the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras of [[Patañjali]]<ref>He lived in 200 B. C.</ref> as of Pañcaśikha. He might have lived during the first century B. C. His Sāṅkhya probably represents a transitional stage from that of the Upaniṣads to that propounded by īśvara-kṛṣṇa<ref>Īśvara-kṛṣṇa lived in A. D. 350.</ref> in his Sāñkhyakārikā.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
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[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 21:41, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pancasikha, PaJcaZikha, Paycashikha


Pañcaśikha literally means ‘one with five locks of hair on the head'.

Pañcaśikha as per Sāṅkhya Darśana

One of the six systems of the religious philosophy whose elements are rooted in the Vedic literature and which is extant even today as an important subject of study is the Sāṅkhya Darśana. This system is said to have been originally taught by the sage Kapila and further expounded and expanded by his disciple Asuri and his student Pañcaśikha also.

Pañcaśikha as per Mahābhārata

One Pañcaśikha is mentioned by the Mahābhārata[1] as a teacher of the king Janaka. He is said to have authored a voluminous work, Sastitantra[2] which is not available now. This name might have been given to that work since it was said to deal with sixty[3] topics of Sāñkhya philosophy.

Pañcaśikha as per Yogasutras

Twenty-one sutras in prose have been quoted in the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras of Patañjali[4] as of Pañcaśikha. He might have lived during the first century B. C. His Sāṅkhya probably represents a transitional stage from that of the Upaniṣads to that propounded by īśvara-kṛṣṇa[5] in his Sāñkhyakārikā.


References

  1. Śāntiparva, 219
  2. It is in sixty chapters, in two parts, containing thirty two and twenty-eight chapters each.
  3. Sixty means ṣaṣṭi.
  4. He lived in 200 B. C.
  5. Īśvara-kṛṣṇa lived in A. D. 350.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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