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Pañcanada (‘the [land of] five rivers’)
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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
The country Madradeśa or Araṭṭa was called Pañcanada (pañca = five; nada = river) since the Sindhu (Indus river) and its five tributaries—Satadru (Sutlej), Vipāśā (Beas), Irāvatī (Rāvi), Candrabhāgā (Chenab) and Vitastā (Jhelum)—flowed through it. It roughly corresponds to the modern Punjab (of both India and Pakistan).
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A demon Jalandhara had his capital here (the modern Jalandhar). He was later killed by Lord Siva.
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Pañcanada literally means ‘the land of five rivers’.
One of the 51 Saktipīṭhas (places sacred to the Divine Mother) is situated here. The temple of Viśvamukhi houses the goddess.
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The country Madradeśa or Araṭṭa was called Pañcanāda<ref>Pañca means five.</ref><ref>Nada means river.</ref> since the [[Sindhu]]<ref>[[Sindhu]] means Indus river.</ref> and its five tributaries flowed through it. They are:
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# Satadru - Sutlej
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# [[Vipāśā]] - Beas
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# [[Irāvatī]] - Rāvi
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# Candrabhāgā - Chenab
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# [[Vitastā]] - Jhelum
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It roughly corresponds to the modern Punjab of both India and Pakistan. A demon Jalandhara had his capital here. He was later killed by Lord [[Śiva]]. One of the 51 Śaktipīṭhas<ref>Śaktipīṭhas means the places sacred to the Divine Mother.</ref> is situated here. The temple of Viśvamukhi houses the goddess.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
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[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 21:37, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pancanada, PaJcanada, Paycanada


Pañcanada literally means ‘the land of five rivers’.

The country Madradeśa or Araṭṭa was called Pañcanāda[1][2] since the Sindhu[3] and its five tributaries flowed through it. They are:

  1. Satadru - Sutlej
  2. Vipāśā - Beas
  3. Irāvatī - Rāvi
  4. Candrabhāgā - Chenab
  5. Vitastā - Jhelum

It roughly corresponds to the modern Punjab of both India and Pakistan. A demon Jalandhara had his capital here. He was later killed by Lord Śiva. One of the 51 Śaktipīṭhas[4] is situated here. The temple of Viśvamukhi houses the goddess.


References

  1. Pañca means five.
  2. Nada means river.
  3. Sindhu means Indus river.
  4. Śaktipīṭhas means the places sacred to the Divine Mother.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore