Pañcanada (‘the [land of] five rivers’) The country Madradeśa or Araṭṭa was called Pañcanada (pañca = five; nada = river) since the Sindhu (Indus river) and its five tributaries—Satadru (Sutlej), Vipāśā (Beas), Irāvatī (Rāvi), Candrabhāgā (Chenab) and Vitastā (Jhelum)—flowed through it. It roughly corresponds to the modern Punjab (of both India and Pakistan). A demon Jalandhara had his capital here (the modern Jalandhar). He was later killed by Lord Siva. One of the 51 Saktipīṭhas (places sacred to the Divine Mother) is situated here. The temple of Viśvamukhi houses the goddess.