Pañcopacāras

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pancopacaras, PaJcopacAras, Paycopacaaras


pañcopacāras (‘the five upacāras or modes of service’)

In pujā or ritualistic worship of a deity, the upacāras or direct modes of offering are important. They may generally be five or ten or sixteen.

When they are five, they are called ‘pañcopacāras’ (pañca = five).

They are: gandha (sandal-paste);

puṣpa (flowers along with bilva and tulasī leaves as also durva or grass); dhupa (incense); dipa (lighted lamp for waving before the deity) and naivedya (food-offering).

See also DEVAPUJĀ.

EAST

Viṣṇu pañcāyatana Śiva pañcāyatana Surya pañcāyatana Dev! pañcāyatana Gaṇapati pañcāyatana Siva Gaṇapati Viṣṇu Surya Siva Gaṇapati Viṣṇu Siva Viṣṇu Śiva 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 Viṣṇu Siva Surya Devi Gaṇapati i 1 1 1 1 Devī Surya Devī Gaṇapati Devi Viṣṇu Surya Gaṇapati Devī Surya 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4

WEST


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

pañcopacāras (‘the five upacāras or modes of service’) In pujā or ritualistic worship of a deity, the upacāras or direct modes of offering are important. They may generally be five or ten or sixteen. When they are five, they are called ‘pañcopacāras’ (pañca = five). They are: gandha (sandal-paste); puṣpa (flowers along with bilva and tulasī leaves as also dṅrva or grass); dhṅpa (incense); dipa (lighted lamp for waving before the deity) and naivedya (food- offering). See also DEVAPUJĀ.