Difference between revisions of "Padmapāda"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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Padmapāda (9th century A. D.)
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Born in a place in South India (Tamil Nadu) on the bank of the river Kāverī, Padmapāda went to Kāśī (Vārāṇasī, modern Banaras in the State of Uttar Pradesh) for his education. There he met Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) and became his disciple. He is said to have been Śaṅkara’s first apostle.
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It is said that he was once washing the clothes of his guru Śaṅkara, standing on the bank of a river. Śaṅkara, who was sitting on the opposite side of the river called him urgently for some work. Then Padmapāda—whose earlier name is not known—set out immediately walking on the water! A padma or a lotus started appearing below his pāda or foot supporting him! Hence the name ‘Padmapāda’.
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His commentary on the Brahmasutra-bhāsya of Śaṅkara was the earliest of such commentaries. It was supposed to be in two parts, the first being known as Pañcapādikā and the later part as Vrtti.
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The story goes that the manuscript of the entire commentary written by him was destroyed by his uncle smitten by jealousy. However, a part of it was retrieved by him since his guru Śaṅkara, who had heard it read out to him—and, Sankara was endowed with a photographic memory —dictated that portion, viz., the first five pādas or quarters (out of the total of
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sixteen). The name of the commentary, Pañcapādikā, is based on this fact.
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However, the commentary on the first four sutras only is available now.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
Padmapāda (9th century A. D.)
 
Padmapāda (9th century A. D.)
 
Born in a place in South India (Tamil Nadu) on the bank of the river Kāverī, Padmapāda went to Kāśī (Vārāṇasī, modern Banaras in the State of Uttar Pradesh) for his education. There he met Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) and became his disciple. He is said to have been Saṅkara’s first apostle.
 
Born in a place in South India (Tamil Nadu) on the bank of the river Kāverī, Padmapāda went to Kāśī (Vārāṇasī, modern Banaras in the State of Uttar Pradesh) for his education. There he met Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) and became his disciple. He is said to have been Saṅkara’s first apostle.

Revision as of 09:19, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Padmapada, PadmapAda, Padmapaada


Padmapāda (9th century A. D.)

Born in a place in South India (Tamil Nadu) on the bank of the river Kāverī, Padmapāda went to Kāśī (Vārāṇasī, modern Banaras in the State of Uttar Pradesh) for his education. There he met Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) and became his disciple. He is said to have been Śaṅkara’s first apostle.

It is said that he was once washing the clothes of his guru Śaṅkara, standing on the bank of a river. Śaṅkara, who was sitting on the opposite side of the river called him urgently for some work. Then Padmapāda—whose earlier name is not known—set out immediately walking on the water! A padma or a lotus started appearing below his pāda or foot supporting him! Hence the name ‘Padmapāda’.

His commentary on the Brahmasutra-bhāsya of Śaṅkara was the earliest of such commentaries. It was supposed to be in two parts, the first being known as Pañcapādikā and the later part as Vrtti.

The story goes that the manuscript of the entire commentary written by him was destroyed by his uncle smitten by jealousy. However, a part of it was retrieved by him since his guru Śaṅkara, who had heard it read out to him—and, Sankara was endowed with a photographic memory —dictated that portion, viz., the first five pādas or quarters (out of the total of

sixteen). The name of the commentary, Pañcapādikā, is based on this fact.

However, the commentary on the first four sutras only is available now.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Padmapāda (9th century A. D.) Born in a place in South India (Tamil Nadu) on the bank of the river Kāverī, Padmapāda went to Kāśī (Vārāṇasī, modern Banaras in the State of Uttar Pradesh) for his education. There he met Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) and became his disciple. He is said to have been Saṅkara’s first apostle. It is said that he was once washing the clothes of his guru Śaṅkara, standing on the bank of a river. Śaṅkara, who was sitting on the opposite side of the river called him urgently for some work. Then Padmapāda—whose earlier name is not known—set out immediately walking on the water! A padma or a lotus started appearing below his pāda or foot support¬ing him! Hence the name ‘Padmapāda’. His commentary on the Brahmasutra- bhāsya of Śaṅkara was the earliest of such commentaries. It was supposed to be in two parts, the first being known as Pañcapādikā and the later part as Vrtti. The story goes that the manuscript of the entire commentary written by him was destroyed by his uncle smitten by jealousy. However, a part of it was retrieved by him since his guru Śaṅkara, who had heard it read out to him—and, Śaṅkara was endowed with a photographic memory —dictated that portion, viz., the first five pādas or quarters (out of the total of sixteen). The name of the commentary, Pañcapādikā, is based on this fact. However, the commentary on the first four sutras only is available now. Prakāśātman (A. D. 1200) has written a gloss on this, known as Pañcapādikā- vivarana, further amplifying Padmapāda’s views. This has developed into a separate and special school of Advaita Vedānta called the Vivaranaprasthāna. Padmapāda was a worshipper of the Narasimha aspect of Lord Viṣṇu and had once saved the life of his guru from the hands of the Kāpālikas. See also ADVAITA VEDĀNTA DARŚANA.