Difference between revisions of "Para, parā"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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para, parā (‘the highest’)
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This word is used in two senses: ‘the other,’ ‘the highest’.
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In the latter sense it can be used in all the three genders—masculine, feminine and neuter.
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However in the tantras—treatises dealing with the Śakti or the Divine Mother—it (parā) is used in a technical sense, to indicate the original or the primary state of vāk or speech, the other three states being paśyantī, madhyamā and vaikharī.
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In the parā state, speech (or speech energy) is in the potential, unmanifested state. In the paśyantī state, the desire to speak is getting manifested. In the madhyamā, the thought patterns (and sentences) have already evolved. In the vaikharī, the last stage, it is expressed as vocal speech.
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Parabrahman (‘Brahman [the Absolute] the Highest’)
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Treatises of Vedānta describe God, the Absolute, as ‘Brahman’ or ‘Parabrahman’. See BRAHMAN for details.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
para, parā (‘the highest’)
 
para, parā (‘the highest’)
 
This word is used in two senses: ‘the other,’ ‘the highest’.
 
This word is used in two senses: ‘the other,’ ‘the highest’.

Revision as of 09:19, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Para, para, Para, parA, Para, paraa


para, parā (‘the highest’)

This word is used in two senses: ‘the other,’ ‘the highest’.

In the latter sense it can be used in all the three genders—masculine, feminine and neuter.

However in the tantras—treatises dealing with the Śakti or the Divine Mother—it (parā) is used in a technical sense, to indicate the original or the primary state of vāk or speech, the other three states being paśyantī, madhyamā and vaikharī.

In the parā state, speech (or speech energy) is in the potential, unmanifested state. In the paśyantī state, the desire to speak is getting manifested. In the madhyamā, the thought patterns (and sentences) have already evolved. In the vaikharī, the last stage, it is expressed as vocal speech.

Parabrahman (‘Brahman [the Absolute] the Highest’)

Treatises of Vedānta describe God, the Absolute, as ‘Brahman’ or ‘Parabrahman’. See BRAHMAN for details.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

para, parā (‘the highest’) This word is used in two senses: ‘the other,’ ‘the highest’. In the latter sense it can be used in all the three genders—masculine, feminine and neuter. However in the tantras—treatises dealing with the Śakti or the Divine Mother—it (parā) is used in a technical sense, to indicate the original or the primary state of vāk or speech, the other three states being paśyantī, madhyamā and vaikharī. In the parā state, speech (or speech energy) is in the potential, unmanifested state. In the paśyantī state, the desire to speak is getting manifested. In the madhyamā, the thought patterns (and sentences) have already evolved. In the vaikharī, the last stage, it is expressed as vocal speech.