Parakāla Maṭha

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Parakala Matha, ParakAla MaTha, Parakaala Matha


Parakāla Maṭha

This is one of the prominent maṭhas or monastic centres belonging to the Śrīvaiṣṇava sect of Vaiṣṇavism.

The original centre was started by Brahmatantra Svatantra Parakāla Svāmin (A. D. 1286-1386), a monastic disciple of Vedānta Deśika (A. D. 1268-1369), at Kāñcīpuram (in Tamil Nadu) in A. D. 1359. It was later on shifted to Tirupati, Melkote, Śrīraṅgapaṭṭaṇa and finally, to Mysore. The pontiff of this maṭha was accepted as the Rājaguru or royal preceptor by Yadurāya, the first king of Mysore.

The presiding deity of this monastery is Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva. The image of this

deity is said to have been given to Rāmānuja (A. D. 1017-1137) by the goddess Sarasvatī. The same was handed over by a succession of teachers to Vedānta Deśika from whom the first pontiff got it.

Till now there has been an unbroken series of pontiffs, the present head—Vāgīśa Brahmatantra Parakālasvāmi—occupying the seat since A. D. 1992.

Though most of them proved to be great teachers, mention may be made of Vāgīśasvāmin (pontificate from A. D. 1915 to 1925) who was endowed with yogic powers and Abhinava Raṅganātha Svāmin who was the head for 41 years (from A. D. 1925 to 1966), in whose period there was a tremendous expansion of intellectual activity.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Parakāla Maṭha This is one of the prominent maṭhas or monastic centres belonging to the Śrīvaiṣṇava sect of Vaiṣṇavism. The original centre was started by Brahmatantra Svatantra Parakāla Svāmin (A. D. 1286-1386), a monastic disciple of Vedānta Deśika (A. D. 1268-1369), at Kāñcīpuram (in Tamil Nadu) in A. D. 1359. It was later on shifted to Tirupati, Melkote, Śrīraṅgapaṭṭaṇa and finally, to Mysore. The pontiff of this maṭha was accepted as the Rājaguru or royal precep¬tor by Yadurāya, the first king of Mysore. The presiding deity of this monastery is Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva. The image of this deity is said to have been given to Rāmānuja (A. D. 1017-1137) by the goddess Sarasvatī. The same was handed over by a succession of teachers to Vedānta Deśika from whom the first pontiff got it. Till now there has been an unbroken seriesof pontiffs, the present head—Vāgīśa Brahmatantra Parakālasvāmi—occupying the seat since A. D. 1992. Though most of them proved to be great teachers, mention may be made of Vāgīśasvāmin (pontificate from A. D. 1915 to 1925) who was endowed with yogic powers and Abhinava Raṅganātha Svāmin who was the head for 41 years (from A. D. 1925 to 1966), in whose period there was a tremendous expansion of intellectual activity.