Difference between revisions of "Parisaṅkhyāvidhi"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
m (Deval Sancheti moved page Talk:Parisaṅkhyāvidhi to Parisaṅkhyāvidhi)
m (Links to existing pages added by LinkTitles bot.)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Parisaṅkhyāvidhi literally means ‘exclusive injunction’.
+
Parisaṅkhyā[[vidhi]] literally means ‘exclusive injunction’.
  
 
==Kinds of Vidhi==
 
==Kinds of Vidhi==
 
The Purvamīmāmsā system describes three kinds of vidhis or Vedic injunctions. They are:
 
The Purvamīmāmsā system describes three kinds of vidhis or Vedic injunctions. They are:
 
# Apurvavidhi
 
# Apurvavidhi
# Niyamavidhi  
+
# [[Niyamavidhi]]
 
# Parisaṅkhyāvidhi
 
# Parisaṅkhyāvidhi
  
 
==Parisaṅkhyāvidhi Definition==
 
==Parisaṅkhyāvidhi Definition==
'Pari’ means varjana or excluding. ‘Saṅkhyā’ means knowledge. Hence the parisaṅkhyāvidhi gives us the knowledge of what is to be avoided in a particular situation. These vidhis or injunctions are helpful in ascertaining the correct meaning of the Vedic sentences, especially with regard to the performance of sacrifices. When a general rule seems to apply equally to two alternatives and only one has to be allowed precluding the other, the vidhi or injunction that prescribes it is called ‘parisaṅkhyāvidhi’.
+
'Pari’ means varjana or excluding. ‘Saṅkhyā’ means knowledge. Hence the parisaṅkhyāvidhi gives us the knowledge of what is to be avoided in a particular situation. These vidhis or injunctions are helpful in ascertaining the correct meaning of the Vedic sentences, especially with regard to the performance of sacrifices. When a general rule seems to apply equally to two alternatives and only one has to be allowed precluding the other, the [[vidhi]] or injunction that prescribes it is called ‘parisaṅkhyāvidhi’.
  
 
==Example of Parisaṅkhyāvidhi==
 
==Example of Parisaṅkhyāvidhi==
For instance:<blockquote>A cart to which a horse and a mule are yoked is taken out to bring the clay necessary for preparing bricks for the altar of a sacrifice. At a certain stage of the journey, the person driving the cart has to ‘recite a Vedic mantra holding the rein.’ Since both the animals have reins, the doubt arises as to which one should be held.</blockquote>  
+
For instance:<blockquote>A cart to which a horse and a mule are yoked is taken out to bring the clay necessary for preparing bricks for the altar of a sacrifice. At a certain stage of the journey, the person driving the cart has to ‘recite a Vedic [[mantra]] holding the rein.’ Since both the animals have reins, the doubt arises as to which one should be held.</blockquote>  
  
The Vedic mantra clearly states that the rein of the horse is to be held. Hence, the rein of the mule is to be excluded. Therefore this injunction becomes a ‘parisaṅkhyāvidhi’. Writers on the Mīmānsā point out three defects in this vidhi, but they are not of much importance.
+
The Vedic [[mantra]] clearly states that the rein of the horse is to be held. Hence, the rein of the mule is to be excluded. Therefore this injunction becomes a ‘parisaṅkhyāvidhi’. Writers on the Mīmānsā point out three defects in this vidhi, but they are not of much importance.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
+
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 21:10, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Parisankhyavidhi, ParisaGkhyAvidhi, Parisankhyaavidhi


Parisaṅkhyāvidhi literally means ‘exclusive injunction’.

Kinds of Vidhi

The Purvamīmāmsā system describes three kinds of vidhis or Vedic injunctions. They are:

  1. Apurvavidhi
  2. Niyamavidhi
  3. Parisaṅkhyāvidhi

Parisaṅkhyāvidhi Definition

'Pari’ means varjana or excluding. ‘Saṅkhyā’ means knowledge. Hence the parisaṅkhyāvidhi gives us the knowledge of what is to be avoided in a particular situation. These vidhis or injunctions are helpful in ascertaining the correct meaning of the Vedic sentences, especially with regard to the performance of sacrifices. When a general rule seems to apply equally to two alternatives and only one has to be allowed precluding the other, the vidhi or injunction that prescribes it is called ‘parisaṅkhyāvidhi’.

Example of Parisaṅkhyāvidhi

For instance:
A cart to which a horse and a mule are yoked is taken out to bring the clay necessary for preparing bricks for the altar of a sacrifice. At a certain stage of the journey, the person driving the cart has to ‘recite a Vedic mantra holding the rein.’ Since both the animals have reins, the doubt arises as to which one should be held.

The Vedic mantra clearly states that the rein of the horse is to be held. Hence, the rein of the mule is to be excluded. Therefore this injunction becomes a ‘parisaṅkhyāvidhi’. Writers on the Mīmānsā point out three defects in this vidhi, but they are not of much importance.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore