Pratigāra

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pratigara, PratigAra, Pratigaara


pratigara (‘response’)

A Vedic sacrifice involves several rites and minor rites including the chanting of certain classes of śastras (See ŚASTRA for details.).

The hotṛ priest issues a call called āhāva (See also ĀHĀVA.) to which the adhvaryu priest responds by loudly uttering the pratigara (reply or response).

There are several āhāvas for which there are appropriate pratigaras also.

For instance, for the āhāva, “Som 3 sāvo3m” (“Let us both praise!”), the (reply) pratigara is “Othamo daivā” or “Somsāmo daivā” (“Let us praise the deity!”).

In course of time the two seem to have acquired a mystical significance. Several permutations and combinations were evolved because of this.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

A Vedic sacrifice involves several rites and minor rites including the chant¬ing of certain classes of śastras (See ŚASTRA for details.). The hotṛ priest issues a call called āhāva (See also ĀHĀVA.) to which the adhvaryu priest responds by loudly utter¬ing the pratigara (reply or response). There are several āhāvas for which there are appropriate pratigaras also. For instance, for the āhāva, “Sorii 3 sāvo3m” (“Let us both praise!”), the (reply) pratigara is “Othamo daivā” or “Sorhsāmo daivā” (“Let us praise the deity!”). In course of time the two seem to have acquired a mystical significance. Several permutations and combinations were evolved because of this.