Difference between revisions of "Pratikopāṣanā"

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==Paramapuruṣārtha Definition==
 
==Paramapuruṣārtha Definition==
Though the word upāsanā literally means ‘sitting near God’, it is always used in the sense of worship or meditation. Religion  posits mokṣa or liberation from transmigratory existence as the final goal of life. It is called paramapuruṣārtha.
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Though the word upāsanā literally means ‘sitting near God’, it is always used in the sense of [[worship]] or meditation. Religion  posits mokṣa or liberation from transmigratory existence as the final goal of life. It is called [[paramapuruṣārtha]].
  
 
==Path leading to Paramapuruṣārtha==
 
==Path leading to Paramapuruṣārtha==
 
There are two royal paths leading to this:
 
There are two royal paths leading to this:
 
* The path of jñāna<ref>It is called as knowledge.</ref> - It is called Jñānayoga.   
 
* The path of jñāna<ref>It is called as knowledge.</ref> - It is called Jñānayoga.   
* The path of bhakti<ref>It is called as devotion.</ref> - It is called as Bhaktiyoga.  
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* The path of [[bhakti]]<ref>It is called as devotion.</ref> - It is called as Bhaktiyoga.  
  
 
==Significance of Upāsanā==
 
==Significance of Upāsanā==
In both these paths upāsanā has an important place. In the Jñānayoga, the upāsanā has to be on the ātman<ref>Ātman means the Self within.</ref> which is nirākāra<ref>Nirākāra means formless.</ref> and nirguṇa,<ref>Nirguṇa means without any attribute.</ref> but whose essence is sat-cit-ānanda.<ref>It is known as  existence-consciousness bliss.</ref> Since this upāsanā or meditation is extremely difficult for the beginners or the ordinary  aspirants, a pratika or a symbol is chosen for meditation. They are:
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In both these paths upāsanā has an important place. In the Jñānayoga, the upāsanā has to be on the [[Ātman|ātman]]<ref>[[Ātman]] means the Self within.</ref> which is nirākāra<ref>Nirākāra means formless.</ref> and nirguṇa,<ref>Nirguṇa means without any attribute.</ref> but whose essence is [[sat]]-[[cit]]-[[Ānanda|ānanda]].<ref>It is known as  existence-[[consciousness]] bliss.</ref> Since this upāsanā or meditation is extremely difficult for the beginners or the ordinary  aspirants, a pratika or a symbol is chosen for meditation. They are:
* Praṇava - Ohm, the sound
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* [[Praṇava]] - Ohm, the [[sound]]
* Surya - the sun
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* [[Surya]] - the sun
* Ākāśa - space
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* [[Ākāśa]] - space
* Agni - fire
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* [[Agni]] - fire
 
* Others  
 
* Others  
  
 
==Pratikopāṣanā Definition==
 
==Pratikopāṣanā Definition==
For those who find even this as a difficult path, Bhaktiyoga recommends meditation on the images of gods or goddesses. Here, the image is not considered God, but only as an aid to imagine in one’s own heart, God as a being of light and consciousness, lovingly responding to one’s prayers. Such meditations come under the category of pratikopāṣanā.
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For those who find even this as a difficult path, Bhaktiyoga recommends meditation on the images of gods or goddesses. Here, the image is not considered God, but only as an aid to imagine in one’s own heart, God as a being of light and [[consciousness]], lovingly responding to one’s prayers. Such meditations come under the category of pratikopāṣanā.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore

Latest revision as of 23:31, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pratikopasana, PratikopASanA, Pratikopaashanaa


Pratikopāṣanā literally means ‘meditation on a symbol’.

Paramapuruṣārtha Definition

Though the word upāsanā literally means ‘sitting near God’, it is always used in the sense of worship or meditation. Religion posits mokṣa or liberation from transmigratory existence as the final goal of life. It is called paramapuruṣārtha.

Path leading to Paramapuruṣārtha

There are two royal paths leading to this:

  • The path of jñāna[1] - It is called Jñānayoga.
  • The path of bhakti[2] - It is called as Bhaktiyoga.

Significance of Upāsanā

In both these paths upāsanā has an important place. In the Jñānayoga, the upāsanā has to be on the ātman[3] which is nirākāra[4] and nirguṇa,[5] but whose essence is sat-cit-ānanda.[6] Since this upāsanā or meditation is extremely difficult for the beginners or the ordinary aspirants, a pratika or a symbol is chosen for meditation. They are:

Pratikopāṣanā Definition

For those who find even this as a difficult path, Bhaktiyoga recommends meditation on the images of gods or goddesses. Here, the image is not considered God, but only as an aid to imagine in one’s own heart, God as a being of light and consciousness, lovingly responding to one’s prayers. Such meditations come under the category of pratikopāṣanā.


References

  1. It is called as knowledge.
  2. It is called as devotion.
  3. Ātman means the Self within.
  4. Nirākāra means formless.
  5. Nirguṇa means without any attribute.
  6. It is known as existence-consciousness bliss.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore