pratyāmnāya (‘restatement,’ ‘that which comes in its place’) This is a technical word used in two senses. In logic, it is used in the sense of re-asserting the pratijñā or the original statement when the same is doubted or objected to. In the dharmaśāstras it is used to indicate a substitute when the original rite cannot be done. For instance, when a particular expiation cannot be performed by the transgressor, another—a simpler or easier one—is prescribed. If the sinner is unable to donate a cow as expiation for a sin, he is permitted to pay some gold coins as prescribed. This is called pratyāmnāya.