Pratyabhijñā

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pratyabhijna, PratyabhijJA, Pratyabhijyaa


pratyabhijñā (‘knowledge [got by] facing [it]’)

This is a technical term used by Kāśmīr Saivism.

When we see a person whom we had

seen earlier—maybe, in a different place and circumstances—we recognise him as ‘He is that person’.

īśvara (God) and the jīva (the individual soul) are similar in nature. They both have jñānaśakti and kriyāśakti (the power to know and act). This is known from the scriptures and the teachings of the spiritual preceptors.

Keeping this in mind, when the sādhaka (one who is practising spiritual disciplines) meditates on īśvara, he gradually destroys or overcomes māyā (ignorance as the veil) and realises or recognises that he is the same as īśvara. This is pratyabhijñā.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

pratyabhijñā (‘knowledge [got by] facing [it]’) This is a technical term used by Kāśmīr Saivism. When we see a person whom we had seen earlier—maybe, in a different place and circumstances—we recognise him as ‘He is that person’. īśvara (God) and the jīva (the indi¬vidual soul) are similar in nature. They both have jñānaśakti and kriyāśakti (the power to know and act). This is known from the scriptures and the teachings of the spiritual preceptors. Keeping this in mind, when the sādhaka (one who is practising spiritual disciplines) meditates on īśvara, he gradu¬ally destroys or overcomes māyā (igno¬rance as the veil) and realises or recognises that he is the same as īśvara. This is pratyabhijñā.