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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pusan, PuSan, Pushan

Puṣan (‘the nourisher’)

Puṣan (or Puṣā) is one of the twelve aspects of the Sun, known as the Adityas or Dvādaśādityas. He represents the nourishing and life-supporting aspect of the Sun. He is exceedingly beautiful. He wears a cakra or a discus with which he destroys the evil ones. He is ever eager to protect his votaries. He looks upon all with an equal eye and is very generous.

He has been eulogised in eight suktas of the Rgveda (3.62.9; 6.53.3; 6.58.3; 10.17.5).

According to paurāṇic legends, he was present at the sacrifice of Dakṣa. When Vīrabhadra, an emanation from Rudra/ Siva, attacked and destroyed Dakṣa’s sacrifice, Puṣan was one of the victims who lost his teeth (vide Bhāgavata 4.5.21).

See also ĀDITYAS.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore