Puṣkara

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Puṣkara The town of Puṣkara situated at a distance of 12 kms. (about 7 1/2 miles) to the west of Ajmer in Rajasthan and on the bank of the lake of the same name, has the unique distinction of possessing a good temple—the only one in the whole of India—dedicated to Brahmā, the creator. The greatness of Puṣkara as an excellent place of pilgrimage has been extolled in many purāṇas as also the epics {vide Mahābhārata, Vanaparva 80.20, 21); Padmapurāna, Ādikhanda 11.34, 35). Once while Brahmā, the creator, was moving in a forest with a lotus in his hand, he found a rākṣasa (demon), Vajranābha by name, whom he killed with his lotus, after converting it into a formidable weapon through mantras or sacred chants. Hence that place—the Generally, Bhṅdevī (the earth) and Srīdevī (Lakṣmi, the goddess of wealth) are projected as the two consorts of Viṣṇu-Nārāyaṇa whereas here Bhu has been replaced by Hri. Hri is the goddess of modesty. It is to impress upon us, perhaps, that wealth, beauty and other embellishments, if not controlled or tem¬pered by hrī or modesty, will lead to disaster, that these two have been stated together. The Sttkta concludes with a prayer to the Puruṣa to give the supplicant all objects of pleasure and happiness, here and hereafter, as also the knowledge of the Self. Finis To sum up, the Purusasukta gives us in a capsule form, the philosophy of not only the Vedas and the Vedānta, but also of the Bhagavadgītā, giving equal impor¬tance to upāsanā (meditation), jñāna (knowledge), bhakti (devotion) and dharma or karma (rituals and performance of one’s duties). No wonder then that it is highly venerated and extensively used even today in all our religious observances.