punarādheya (‘reinstallation [of Vedic fires]’) During the Vedic and the epic peri¬ods, many dvijas (the twice-born class or the members of the first three varṇas) used to establish the Vedic fires for regular oblations and special sacrifices. If the Vedic fires got extinguished due to certain contingencies like illness, loss of wealth, death of near and dear ones or harassment by enemies or even by accident, they could be rekindled or reinstated. This process was known as punarādheya or punarādhāna. The procedure was essentially the same as for agnyādhāna (See AGNYĀDHĀNA for details.), but with a few differences like feeding the fire with kuśa grass (.Poa cynosuroides) instead of samidh (fuel sticks) and offerings to Agni alone, instead of Agni and Soma. In case both the gārhapatya and the āhavanīya fires had been extinguished, punarādheya was considered a prāyaścitta or expiation for the sin also.