Difference between revisions of "Pururavas"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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Pururavas
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Pururavas was a heroic king mentioned even in the Rgveda (10.95) wherein
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a curious dialogue between him and Urvaśī an apsaras or nymph has been recorded. This oldest love-story of the two has been repeated in other sections of the Vedas like the Satapatha Brāhmana (11.5.1.1) also.
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He was the son of Budha and Ilā.
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The Visnupurāna (4.6) contains a detailed version of the same story. The drama Vikramorvaślya of Kālidāsa (200 B.C.) is based on it with several variations.
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Urvaśī, the divine damsel, was once banished to this earth wherein she fell in love with the king Pururavas and married him, laying certain conditions. After a few years, it so happened that the king was once forced to violate the conditions—by a stratagem of the gods in heaven— whereby Urvaśī left him. All his efforts to get her back were in vain.
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purusa (‘[one who] sleeps in the city [of nine gates or the body]’)
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In common usage, the word ‘puruṣa’ means a man.
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A good man should have these five qualities: giving gifts to deserving persons; appreciating the good in others; feeling happy in the company of relatives and friends; erudition in the scriptures; capacity to fight for a righteous cause.
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He should also have great self-control.
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In the Upaniṣads the word has often been used to indicate the jīva (the Self) as also the Paramātman (the Supreme Soul or God).
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The Sāñkhya philosophy uses it as a technical term indicating the individual soul. In Sanskrit grammar it is used to denote the first, the second and the third persons.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
Pururavas
 
Pururavas
 
Pururavas was a heroic king men¬tioned even in the Rgveda (10.95) wherein a curious dialogue between him and Urvaśī an apsaras or nymph has been recorded. This oldest love-story of the two has been repeated in other sections of the Vedas like the Satapatha Brāhmana (11.5.1.1) also.
 
Pururavas was a heroic king men¬tioned even in the Rgveda (10.95) wherein a curious dialogue between him and Urvaśī an apsaras or nymph has been recorded. This oldest love-story of the two has been repeated in other sections of the Vedas like the Satapatha Brāhmana (11.5.1.1) also.

Revision as of 09:20, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Pururavas

Pururavas was a heroic king mentioned even in the Rgveda (10.95) wherein

a curious dialogue between him and Urvaśī an apsaras or nymph has been recorded. This oldest love-story of the two has been repeated in other sections of the Vedas like the Satapatha Brāhmana (11.5.1.1) also.

He was the son of Budha and Ilā.

The Visnupurāna (4.6) contains a detailed version of the same story. The drama Vikramorvaślya of Kālidāsa (200 B.C.) is based on it with several variations.

Urvaśī, the divine damsel, was once banished to this earth wherein she fell in love with the king Pururavas and married him, laying certain conditions. After a few years, it so happened that the king was once forced to violate the conditions—by a stratagem of the gods in heaven— whereby Urvaśī left him. All his efforts to get her back were in vain.

purusa (‘[one who] sleeps in the city [of nine gates or the body]’)

In common usage, the word ‘puruṣa’ means a man.

A good man should have these five qualities: giving gifts to deserving persons; appreciating the good in others; feeling happy in the company of relatives and friends; erudition in the scriptures; capacity to fight for a righteous cause.

He should also have great self-control.

In the Upaniṣads the word has often been used to indicate the jīva (the Self) as also the Paramātman (the Supreme Soul or God).

The Sāñkhya philosophy uses it as a technical term indicating the individual soul. In Sanskrit grammar it is used to denote the first, the second and the third persons.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Pururavas Pururavas was a heroic king men¬tioned even in the Rgveda (10.95) wherein a curious dialogue between him and Urvaśī an apsaras or nymph has been recorded. This oldest love-story of the two has been repeated in other sections of the Vedas like the Satapatha Brāhmana (11.5.1.1) also. He was the son of Budha and Ilā. The Visnupurāna (4.6) contains a detailed version of the same story. The drama Vikramorvaślya of Kālidāsa (200 B.C.) is based on it with several variations. Urvaśī, the divine damsel, was once banished to this earth wherein she fell in love with the king Pururavas and married him, laying certain conditions. After a few years, it so happened that the king was once forced to violate the conditions—by a stratagem of the gods in heaven— whereby Urvaśī left him. All his efforts to get her back were in vain.