Difference between revisions of "Puryaṣṭaka"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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puryaṣṭaka (‘city [or body] comprising eight [parts]’)
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It is the sukṣmaśarira or the subtle body that is responsible for the transmigration of the jīva, the soul in bondage.
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According to some schools of Saivism this sṅkṣmaśarīra comprises eight parts and hence is called the ‘puryaṣtaka’ (purī -the city [of nine gates] or the body;
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aṣtaka = group of eight).
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These eight are:
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1) the five tanmātras (subtle elements);
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2) the fives thulabhutas (gross elements)
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3) the five jñānendriyas (organs of sense);
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4) the five karmendriyas (organs of
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action);
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5) the antahkaraṇa (or the inner organ comprising manas or mind, buddhi or the intellect and ahaṅkāra or ego-
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sense);
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6) the three guṇas (sattva, rajas and tamas);
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7) the pradhāna or prakrti;
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8) the pañcatattvas or the five principles viz., kalā (limited powers of action), kāla (time), niyati (law of karma),
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
puryaṣṭaka (‘city [or body] comprising eight [parts]’)
 
puryaṣṭaka (‘city [or body] comprising eight [parts]’)
 
It is the sṅkṣmaśarira or the subtle body that is responsible for the transmi¬gration of the jīva, the soul in bondage.
 
It is the sṅkṣmaśarira or the subtle body that is responsible for the transmi¬gration of the jīva, the soul in bondage.

Revision as of 09:20, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Puryastaka, PuryaSTaka, Puryashtaka


puryaṣṭaka (‘city [or body] comprising eight [parts]’)

It is the sukṣmaśarira or the subtle body that is responsible for the transmigration of the jīva, the soul in bondage.

According to some schools of Saivism this sṅkṣmaśarīra comprises eight parts and hence is called the ‘puryaṣtaka’ (purī -the city [of nine gates] or the body;

aṣtaka = group of eight).

These eight are:

1) the five tanmātras (subtle elements);

2) the fives thulabhutas (gross elements)

3) the five jñānendriyas (organs of sense);

4) the five karmendriyas (organs of

action);

5) the antahkaraṇa (or the inner organ comprising manas or mind, buddhi or the intellect and ahaṅkāra or ego-

sense);

6) the three guṇas (sattva, rajas and tamas);

7) the pradhāna or prakrti;

8) the pañcatattvas or the five principles viz., kalā (limited powers of action), kāla (time), niyati (law of karma),


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

puryaṣṭaka (‘city [or body] comprising eight [parts]’) It is the sṅkṣmaśarira or the subtle body that is responsible for the transmi¬gration of the jīva, the soul in bondage. According to some schools of Śaivism this sṅkṣmaśarīra comprises eight parts and hence is called the ‘puryaṣtaka’ (purī - the city [of nine gates] or the body; aṣṭaka = group of eight). These eight are: 1) the five tanmātras (subtle elements); 2) the fives thulabhutas (gross elements) 3) the five jñānendriyas (organs of sense); 4) the five karmendriyas (organs of action); 5) the antahkaraṇa (or the inner organ comprising manas or mind, buddhi or the intellect and ahaṅkāra or ego- sense); 6) the three guṇas (sattva, rajas and tamas); 7) the pradhāna or prakrti; 8) the pañcatattvas or the five principles viz., kalā (limited powers of action), kāla (time), niyati (law of karma), vidyā (limited knowledge) and rāga (attachment). See also ŚAIVISM. Puṣan (‘the nourisher’) Puṣan (or Puṣā) is one of the twelve aspects of the Sun, known as the Adityas or Dvādaśādityas. He represents the nourishing and life-supporting aspect of the Sun. He is exceedingly beautiful. He wears a cakra or a discus with which he destroys the evil ones. He is ever eager to protect his votaries. He looks upon all with an equal eye and is very generous. He has been eulogised in eight suktas of the Rgveda (3.62.9; 6.53.3; 6.58.3; 10.17.5). According to paurāṇic legends, he was present at the sacrifice of Dakṣa. When Vīrabhadra, an emanation from Rudra/ Siva, attacked and destroyed Dakṣa’s sacrifice, Pṅṣan was one of the victims who lost his teeth {vide Bhāgavata 4.5.21). See also ĀDITYAS.