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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Ratri, RAtri, Raatri

Rātri literally means ‘One who gives rest or happiness’.

  • The benevolent goddess ruling over night is the sister of Uṣas.[1]
  • She is of Ṛgvedic antiquity.
  • She is described as wearing black robes studded with glittering stars.
  • She is invoked for warding off the threat of darkness like robbers, reptiles, wild animals and wicked spirits.


  1. Uṣas means dawn.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore