Difference between revisions of "Rathakāra"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Rathakāra literally means ‘one who builds a ratha chariot’.
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Rathakāra literally means ‘one who builds a [[ratha]] chariot’.
  
A rathakāra is actually a carpenter who has specialized in the art of preparing rathas or chariots. He has been mentioned as taṣṭā or tvaṣṭā in the Ṛgveda.<ref>Ṛgveda 1.61.4</ref><ref>Ṛgveda 8.102.8</ref> Since his services were essential in the performance of Vedic sacrifices, he was given the status almost equal to that of a dvija.<ref>Dvija means the twice-born, the first three castes.</ref> Hence he could undergo the upanayāna rite and even establish the Vedic fires. Apart from the making of chariots, he could also live by taming horses, driving carts and building houses. Gradually his status declined to that of a śudra due to the rigidity of the caste system of later periods.
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A rathakāra is actually a carpenter who has specialized in the art of preparing rathas or chariots. He has been mentioned as taṣṭā or tvaṣṭā in the [[Ṛgveda]].<ref>[[Ṛgveda]] 1.61.4</ref><ref>Ṛgveda 8.102.8</ref> Since his services were essential in the performance of [[Vedic Sacrifices|Vedic sacrifices]], he was given the status almost equal to that of a [[dvija]].<ref>[[Dvija]] means the twice-born, the first three castes.</ref> Hence he could undergo the upanayāna rite and even establish the Vedic fires. Apart from the making of chariots, he could also live by taming horses, driving carts and building houses. Gradually his status declined to that of a śudra due to the rigidity of the caste system of later periods.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 02:59, 18 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Rathakara, RathakAra, Rathakaara


Rathakāra literally means ‘one who builds a ratha chariot’.

A rathakāra is actually a carpenter who has specialized in the art of preparing rathas or chariots. He has been mentioned as taṣṭā or tvaṣṭā in the Ṛgveda.[1][2] Since his services were essential in the performance of Vedic sacrifices, he was given the status almost equal to that of a dvija.[3] Hence he could undergo the upanayāna rite and even establish the Vedic fires. Apart from the making of chariots, he could also live by taming horses, driving carts and building houses. Gradually his status declined to that of a śudra due to the rigidity of the caste system of later periods.


References

  1. Ṛgveda 1.61.4
  2. Ṛgveda 8.102.8
  3. Dvija means the twice-born, the first three castes.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore