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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sankhyakarika, SAGkhyakArikA, Saankhyakaarikaa

The Sāṅkhyadarśana or the Sāṅkhya philosophy is one of the six systems of religious philosophy. The Sāñkhyakārikā of Iśvarakṛṣṇa who lived in circa A. D. 350 to 450 is the most important and probably the earliest basic work of this system. It is in the form of verses numbering upto 71 or 73. All these verses are in the āryā meter. There are in total 10 Sanskrit commentaries on it. Among them following are more well-known:

  1. Sāñkhyakārikābhāsya by Gauḍapāda
  2. Mātharavrtti or Mātharabhāśya
  3. Jayamañgalā by Saṅkara


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore