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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sadrsaparmama, SadrZaparmAma, Sadrshaparmaama

Sadrśaparmāma literally means ‘activity without change of state’.

This word is used specially in Sāṅkhya philosophy. During pralaya[1] there is a backward movement[2] in the created world, until all the compounds of the guṇas are reduced to their primary guṇas i.e. sattva, rajas and tamas. However, even in this state of equilibrium, there is movement and tension within each guṇa producing the same or similar effect. It is called as sadṛśapariṇāma. It is the antonym effect of the change leading to creation which is defined as visadṛśa-pariṇāma.


  1. Pralaya means dissolution of the world after the duration of its specified existence.
  2. This backward movement is defined as pratisañcāra.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore