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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Samjna, SamjJA, Samjyaa


Samjñā was the daughter of Viśva-karma, the architect of the Gods. She was also known as Sureṇu.

Married to Surya (the Sun-god) she bore him two sons (Vaivasvata and Yama) and a daughter (Yamunā).

Unable to bear the brilliance of Surya, she one day left him, after leaving her shadow-goddess called Chāyādevī in her place. Chāyādevī bore Surya two sons —Sāvarṇi-manu and Śanaiścara.

When Surya discovered the truth he went in search of her and found her roaming about as a mare.

The two Aśvins were born to them by their union.

He brought her back after pacifying her. (vide Harivamśa 1.9)

As a general word samjñā means a symbol as also consciousness.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore