Difference between revisions of "Stotra"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Prayers to Lord Krishna)
(merged 2 articles into 1)
 
(11 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
<small>By Swai Harshananda</small>
 +
 +
Stotra literally means ‘chant of praise’.
 +
 +
==Meaning of Stotra==
 +
The word stotra is used in two senses:
 +
# The Vedic
 +
# The paurāṇic
 +
 +
==Significance oof Stotras==
 +
The Vedic stotra is composed of verses taken mainly from the Rgveda. These verses are chanted as per the rules of intonation, especially those of the Sāmaveda. A stotra always precedes a śastra.<ref>Śastra means which is a laud that is just recited.</ref> It may be in any one of the innumerable melodies,<ref>Melodies means sāman.</ref> and stobhas are added at appropriate places.
 +
 +
==Chanting of Stotra==
 +
All stotras are chanted or sung by the udgātṛ and his assistants, prastotṛ and pratihartṛ. In Somayāgas,  the stotras are spread over all the three savanas. According to the purāṇas and devotional literature, a stotra is a hymn of the outpourings of the heart of a devotee of God. Stava, stuti and nati are the equivalents for the word stotra. Though they may be in any language, either in prose or in poetry, only the Sanskrit hymnal literature will be considered here. They are legion.
 +
 +
==Content of Strotra==
 +
The subject matter of these stotras ranges from the sublime heights of philosophy or mystical experiences, to the petitioning for the small comforts of life here and now. A few of these are mentioned here:
 +
# Description of the form of God or a deity seen in a vision
 +
# Request for pardon of sins committed knowingly or unknowingly
 +
# Prayer for the removal of problems and difficulties and request for the grant of the good things of life
 +
# Desire for obtaining devotion, knowledge and detachment that help one in spiritual life
 +
# Spontaneous outburst of emotion after deep spiritual experience and so on.
 +
 +
==Types of Strotras==
 +
Stotras containing 108 names, 300 names or 1008 names of a deity are also commonly met with. They are used mostly in ritual chanting or ceremonial worship. Another type called as Suprabhāta-stotras<ref>Suprabhāta-stotras means ‘good-morning hymns’.</ref> are also quite common and popular. Tradition prescribes that these stotras can be chanted after meditation or worship.
 +
 
==Prayers to [[Vishnu]]==
 
==Prayers to [[Vishnu]]==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" sort="true">* [[Vishnu Sahasranamam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Vishnu Sahasranamam]]
 
* [[Achyuthashtakam]]
 
* [[Achyuthashtakam]]
 
* [[Sri Ranganathashtakam of Adi Shankara]]
 
* [[Sri Ranganathashtakam of Adi Shankara]]
Line 9: Line 36:
 
* [[Narayana suktham]]
 
* [[Narayana suktham]]
 
* [[Sree Vishnu Shodasa Nama Stotram]]
 
* [[Sree Vishnu Shodasa Nama Stotram]]
 +
* [[Vishnu Mamashtakam]]
 +
* [[Venkatesa  Dwadasa Nama Stotram]]
 
* [[Thiruppavai]]
 
* [[Thiruppavai]]
 
* [[Balarama Sthava Raja]]
 
* [[Balarama Sthava Raja]]
Line 131: Line 160:
 
* [[Narayaneeya Mangalam(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Narayaneeya Mangalam(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Neeyathre Govinda(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Neeyathre Govinda(Malayalam)]]
* [[Venkatesa Vajra Kavacham]]</collist>
+
* [[Venkatesa Vajra Kavacham]]
 +
</sort2>
 +
 
  
 
==Prayers addressed to [[Rama]]==
 
==Prayers addressed to [[Rama]]==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" sort="true">* [[Raghothamashtakam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Raghothamashtakam]]
 
* [[Ahalya Krutha Rama Stotram]]
 
* [[Ahalya Krutha Rama Stotram]]
 
* [[Nama Ramayanam]]
 
* [[Nama Ramayanam]]
Line 141: Line 173:
 
* [[Saptha rishi Ramayanam]]
 
* [[Saptha rishi Ramayanam]]
 
* [[Sri Rama Bhujangam]]
 
* [[Sri Rama Bhujangam]]
 
+
* [[Punya Kadhai-Ramanin Kadhai(Tamil)]]
 
* [[Ramayana Agaval (Tamil)]]
 
* [[Ramayana Agaval (Tamil)]]
 
* [[Rama Jayam Sthuthi (Tamil)]]
 
* [[Rama Jayam Sthuthi (Tamil)]]
Line 167: Line 199:
 
* [[Raghupathi Raghava]]
 
* [[Raghupathi Raghava]]
 
* [[Sri Rama Keerthanam(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Sri Rama Keerthanam(Malayalam)]]
* [[Ramachandra Mangalam]]</collist>
+
* [[Ramachandra Mangalam]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers to [[Lord Krishna]]==
 
==Prayers to [[Lord Krishna]]==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Bhaja Govindam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Bhaja Govindam]]
 
* [[Madhurashtakam]]
 
* [[Madhurashtakam]]
 
* [[SAntana Gopala stotram]]
 
* [[SAntana Gopala stotram]]
Line 236: Line 270:
 
* [[Guruvayupuresa mangalam]]
 
* [[Guruvayupuresa mangalam]]
 
* [[Mangalam Krishna Padambujam(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Mangalam Krishna Padambujam(Malayalam)]]
* [[Prathama Kunja Vihari Ashtakam]] By Rupa Goswami</collist>
+
* [[Prathama Kunja Vihari Ashtakam]] By Rupa Goswami
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to [[Shiva]]==
 
==Prayers addressed to [[Shiva]]==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Shiva Sahasranamam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Shiva Sahasranamam]]
 
* [[Shiva panchakshara stotram]]
 
* [[Shiva panchakshara stotram]]
 
* [[Shivaparadha kshamapana stotram]]
 
* [[Shivaparadha kshamapana stotram]]
Line 248: Line 284:
 
* [[Shiva Akshara Mala Stotram]]
 
* [[Shiva Akshara Mala Stotram]]
 
* [[Linga Ashtakam]]
 
* [[Linga Ashtakam]]
 
+
* [[Nataraja Dasakam]]
 
* [[Mahalinga Ashtakam]]
 
* [[Mahalinga Ashtakam]]
  
Line 320: Line 356:
 
* [[Pratha Smarana Shiva Stotram]]
 
* [[Pratha Smarana Shiva Stotram]]
 
* [[Akshara Mana Malai(Tamil)]]
 
* [[Akshara Mana Malai(Tamil)]]
* [[Shiva Shadakshara Stotram-II]]</collist>
+
* [[Shiva Shadakshara Stotram-II]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to mother Goddess==
 
==Prayers addressed to mother Goddess==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Sri Durga Stuti]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Sri Durga Stuti]]
 
* [[Mahishasura Mardini Stotram]]
 
* [[Mahishasura Mardini Stotram]]
 
* [[Mangala Chandika Stotram]]
 
* [[Mangala Chandika Stotram]]
Line 344: Line 382:
 
* [[Phala sruthi of Lalitha Sahasranamam]]
 
* [[Phala sruthi of Lalitha Sahasranamam]]
 
* [[Lalitha Trishathi]]
 
* [[Lalitha Trishathi]]
 +
 +
* [[Janma Mukthi Prarthana(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Vyasa's Bhagwathi ashtakam]]
 
* [[Vyasa's Bhagwathi ashtakam]]
 
* [[Amba sthuthi]]
 
* [[Amba sthuthi]]
Line 513: Line 553:
 
* [[Bhuvaneswari Kavacham]]
 
* [[Bhuvaneswari Kavacham]]
 
* [[Kalika Kavacham]]
 
* [[Kalika Kavacham]]
 +
 +
* [[Aiswarya Lakshmi Stotram]]
 +
 +
* [[Kamakshya annapurna Girija Dasakam]]
 +
 +
* [[Kamala Kavacham]]
 +
 +
* [[Kamala Stotram]]
 +
 +
* [[Sarada Mahimna Stotram]]
 +
 +
* [[Saraswathyashtakam IV]]
 +
 +
 
* [[Abhirami Sthuthi]]
 
* [[Abhirami Sthuthi]]
 
* [[Ashta Lakshmi stotram III]]
 
* [[Ashta Lakshmi stotram III]]
Line 518: Line 572:
 
* [[Devi Gadgamala stotram]]
 
* [[Devi Gadgamala stotram]]
 
* [[Matangi saptha swara  Keerthanam]]
 
* [[Matangi saptha swara  Keerthanam]]
* [[Nava Durga Raksha Manthra(Hindi)]]</collist>
+
* [[Nava Durga Raksha Manthra(Hindi)]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Ganesa==
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Ganesa==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Ganesa Dwadasa Nama Stotram]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Ganesa Dwadasa Nama Stotram]]
 
* [[Ganesa Shodasa Nama stotram]]
 
* [[Ganesa Shodasa Nama stotram]]
 
* [[Ganesa Pancha ratnam]]
 
* [[Ganesa Pancha ratnam]]
Line 566: Line 622:
 
* [[Pratha Smarana Ganesa stotram]]
 
* [[Pratha Smarana Ganesa stotram]]
 
* [[Ganesa Saranam (Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Ganesa Saranam (Malayalam)]]
* [[Ganashtakam]]</collist>
+
* [[Ganashtakam]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Subrhamanya==
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Subrhamanya==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Guha panchakam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Guha panchakam]]
 
* [[Skanda Sashti Kavacham]] (Tamil)
 
* [[Skanda Sashti Kavacham]] (Tamil)
 
* [[Subrhamanya Bhujangam]]
 
* [[Subrhamanya Bhujangam]]
Line 593: Line 651:
 
* [[Shanmuga Shodasam]]
 
* [[Shanmuga Shodasam]]
 
* [[Kanda Guru Kavacham of Santhananda Swamigal (Tamil)]]
 
* [[Kanda Guru Kavacham of Santhananda Swamigal (Tamil)]]
* [[Pragya Vivardhana Karthikeya Stotram]]</collist>
+
* [[Pragya Vivardhana Karthikeya Stotram]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Ayyappa==
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Ayyappa==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" sort="true">* [[Ayyappa Suprabatham]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Ayyappa Suprabatham]]
 
* [[Harivarasanam]]
 
* [[Harivarasanam]]
 
* [[Sastha Pancha rathnam]]
 
* [[Sastha Pancha rathnam]]
Line 621: Line 681:
 
* [[Ayyappa Pancharathnam(Tamil)]]
 
* [[Ayyappa Pancharathnam(Tamil)]]
 
* [[Dharma Shasthru Karavalamba Stotram]]
 
* [[Dharma Shasthru Karavalamba Stotram]]
* [[Sri Ayyappa Sahasra Namam]]</collist>
+
* [[Sri Ayyappa Sahasra Namam]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to Planet Devatas==
 
==Prayers addressed to Planet Devatas==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Surya mandalashtakam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Surya mandalashtakam]]
 
* [[Nava Graha Sthothram]]
 
* [[Nava Graha Sthothram]]
  
Line 669: Line 731:
 
* [[SAnaischara Sthava Raja]]
 
* [[SAnaischara Sthava Raja]]
 
* [[Pratha Smarana Surya Stotram]]
 
* [[Pratha Smarana Surya Stotram]]
* [[Sri Kethu  Stotram]]</collist>
+
* [[Sri Kethu  Stotram]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers addressed to holy rivers==
 
==Prayers addressed to holy rivers==
Line 682: Line 745:
  
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Anjaneya==
 
==Prayers addressed to Lord Anjaneya==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" sort="true">* [[Anjaneya stotram]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Anjaneya stotram]]
 
* [[Hanumath stotram]]
 
* [[Hanumath stotram]]
 
* [[Hanumath Pancha Rathnam]]
 
* [[Hanumath Pancha Rathnam]]
Line 702: Line 766:
 
* [[Ekadasa  MUkha Hanumath Kavacham]]
 
* [[Ekadasa  MUkha Hanumath Kavacham]]
 
* [[Viswa Roopa Anjaneya Nava Rathna Mala Kavacham]]
 
* [[Viswa Roopa Anjaneya Nava Rathna Mala Kavacham]]
* [[Shatru Vasya Maruthi Manthra]]</collist>
+
* [[Shatru Vasya Maruthi Manthra]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Philosophical prayers==
 
==Philosophical prayers==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Nirvana shatakam]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Nirvana shatakam]]
 
* [[Athma Panchakam]]
 
* [[Athma Panchakam]]
 
* [[Sadhana Panchakam]]
 
* [[Sadhana Panchakam]]
Line 725: Line 791:
 
* [[Tri sloki Gita]]
 
* [[Tri sloki Gita]]
 
* [[Vijnana Nauka]] of Adi Shankara
 
* [[Vijnana Nauka]] of Adi Shankara
* [[Anathma Sri Vigarhanam]]</collist>
+
* [[Anathma Sri Vigarhanam]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Daily Prayers==
 
==Daily Prayers==
Line 782: Line 849:
  
 
==Vedic Hyms==
 
==Vedic Hyms==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Laghu nyasa]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Laghu nyasa]]
 
* [[Rudram]]
 
* [[Rudram]]
 
* [[Chamakam]]
 
* [[Chamakam]]
Line 800: Line 868:
 
* [[Shaala Suktham]]
 
* [[Shaala Suktham]]
 
* [[Vaasthu Manthras]]
 
* [[Vaasthu Manthras]]
* [[Pavamana Suktham]]</collist>
+
* [[Pavamana Suktham]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Prayers to other Gods and General prayers==
 
==Prayers to other Gods and General prayers==
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true">* [[Garbha Raksha stotram]]
+
<sort2>
 +
* [[Garbha Raksha stotram]]
 
* [[Dattatreya stotram]]
 
* [[Dattatreya stotram]]
 
* [[Aathma Suprabatham]]
 
* [[Aathma Suprabatham]]
 
* [[Pathi stotra]]
 
* [[Pathi stotra]]
 
* [[Pithru sthuthi]]
 
* [[Pithru sthuthi]]
 
+
* [[Devanam Sthuthi  Ashtakam]]
 
* [[Guru  sthuthi]]
 
* [[Guru  sthuthi]]
  
 
* [[Sarva mangala ashtakam]]
 
* [[Sarva mangala ashtakam]]
  
 +
* [[Muneeswarar stotram(tamil)]]
 +
 +
* [[Sai Bababa SAran ashtakam]]
 
* [[Slokas for solving various problems]]
 
* [[Slokas for solving various problems]]
 
* [[Yamashtakam]]
 
* [[Yamashtakam]]
Line 874: Line 947:
 
* [[Deivame Kathu Kolga(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Deivame Kathu Kolga(Malayalam)]]
 
* [[Totakashtakam]]
 
* [[Totakashtakam]]
* [[Mangalya Prarthana]]</collist>
+
* [[Mangalya Prarthana]]
 +
</sort2>
  
 
==Translation Of Complete Narayaneeyam==
 
==Translation Of Complete Narayaneeyam==
Line 880: Line 954:
 
* [[Sampoorna Narayaneeya Parayanam]]
 
* [[Sampoorna Narayaneeya Parayanam]]
 
* [[Narayaneeya Haarathi]]
 
* [[Narayaneeya Haarathi]]
<collist class="cleantable" cols="2" addbullet="true" sort="true"> [[Dasakam 1-10]]
+
* [[Dasakam 1-10]]
[[Dasakam 11-20]]
+
* [[Dasakam 11-20]]
[[Dasakam 21-30]]
+
* [[Dasakam 21-30]]
[[Dasakam 31-40]]
+
* [[Dasakam 31-40]]
[[Dasakam 41-50]]
+
* [[Dasakam 41-50]]
[[Dasakam 51-60]]
+
* [[Dasakam 51-60]]
[[Dasakam 61-70]]
+
* [[Dasakam 61-70]]
[[Dasakam 71-80]]
+
* [[Dasakam 71-80]]
[[Dasakam 81-90]]
+
* [[Dasakam 81-90]]
[[Dasakam 91-100]]</collist>
+
* [[Dasakam 91-100]]
  
  
Line 897: Line 971:
 
__NONSFOOTER__
 
__NONSFOOTER__
 
__NOFOOTER__
 
__NOFOOTER__
__NOAUTOLINK__
+
__NOAUTOLINKS__
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 22:26, 12 July 2017

By Swai Harshananda

Stotra literally means ‘chant of praise’.

Meaning of Stotra

The word stotra is used in two senses:

  1. The Vedic
  2. The paurāṇic

Significance oof Stotras

The Vedic stotra is composed of verses taken mainly from the Rgveda. These verses are chanted as per the rules of intonation, especially those of the Sāmaveda. A stotra always precedes a śastra.[1] It may be in any one of the innumerable melodies,[2] and stobhas are added at appropriate places.

Chanting of Stotra

All stotras are chanted or sung by the udgātṛ and his assistants, prastotṛ and pratihartṛ. In Somayāgas, the stotras are spread over all the three savanas. According to the purāṇas and devotional literature, a stotra is a hymn of the outpourings of the heart of a devotee of God. Stava, stuti and nati are the equivalents for the word stotra. Though they may be in any language, either in prose or in poetry, only the Sanskrit hymnal literature will be considered here. They are legion.

Content of Strotra

The subject matter of these stotras ranges from the sublime heights of philosophy or mystical experiences, to the petitioning for the small comforts of life here and now. A few of these are mentioned here:

  1. Description of the form of God or a deity seen in a vision
  2. Request for pardon of sins committed knowingly or unknowingly
  3. Prayer for the removal of problems and difficulties and request for the grant of the good things of life
  4. Desire for obtaining devotion, knowledge and detachment that help one in spiritual life
  5. Spontaneous outburst of emotion after deep spiritual experience and so on.

Types of Strotras

Stotras containing 108 names, 300 names or 1008 names of a deity are also commonly met with. They are used mostly in ritual chanting or ceremonial worship. Another type called as Suprabhāta-stotras[3] are also quite common and popular. Tradition prescribes that these stotras can be chanted after meditation or worship.

Prayers to Vishnu

  1. Śastra means which is a laud that is just recited.
  2. Melodies means sāman.
  3. Suprabhāta-stotras means ‘good-morning hymns’.


Prayers addressed to Rama


Prayers to Lord Krishna


Prayers addressed to Shiva


Prayers addressed to mother Goddess


Prayers addressed to Lord Ganesa


Prayers addressed to Lord Subrhamanya


Prayers addressed to Lord Ayyappa


Prayers addressed to Planet Devatas


Prayers addressed to holy rivers

Prayers addressed to Lord Anjaneya


Philosophical prayers


Daily Prayers

Vedic Hyms


Prayers to other Gods and General prayers


Translation Of Complete Narayaneeyam


Related Articles


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore