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Stem form: sura • Grammatical analysis: masculine noun • Translation: demigod (given below in tabular form) Root (if available) Etymological derivation Meaning in Sanskrit Meaning in English Grammatical Derivation सुर ऐश्वर्ये सुरन्तीति सुराः

ऐश्वर्यशालिनः Those who possess great riches राजृ दीप्तौ सुष्ठु राजन्त इति सुराः उत्तमप्रकाशयुक्ताः Those who shine forth in a nice manner रा आदाने भक्त्या दत्तं हविरादिकं सुष्टु रांति गृह्णंतीति वा सुराः हविर्भागगृहीतारः Those who partake of the oblations given with devotion by the people रै शब्दे समुद्रमथनोद्भवा सुरा येषामस्तीति वा सुराः अमृतवन्तः Those who consumed the nectar arising out of the churning of the milky ocean रा दाने सुष्टु वांछितं फलं रांति ददतीति वा सुराः वांछितफलप्रदातारः

Those who, on being worshipped wholeheartedly, bestow the requested fruits to their devotees Prefix: सु Root: रा Suffix: कः

1. Other meanings of the word (in different contexts): The Sun, A Scholar

2. Usages in prominent texts of Sanskrit with references

In the sense of ‘Demigod’

चुकोप तस्मै स भृशं सुरश्रियः प्रसह्य केशव्यपरोपणादिव । (रघुवंशः ३ - ५६)

(Translation to be given after referring to the original work and studying the context and other criteria.)

In the sense of ‘Scholar’

लक्षणानि सुरास्तोमा निरुक्तं सुरपङ्क्तयः (महाभारतम् १३-८५-९१)

(Translation to be given after referring to the original work and studying the context and other criteria.)

3. References in other lexicons etc.

This word is mentioned in the meaning ‘demigod’ in the Amara lexicon. The word is mentioned in the other two meanings in other lexicons whose names are not specifically mentioned in the SK.

4. Any other information: Nil.

• Notes by the editor: The word ‘sura’ is a very significant word in Sanskrit. It has many meanings. The most important meaning is ‘demigod’. Though, in effect the word generally means ‘demigod’ the different derivations on account of which it gives such a meaning is very significant since it throws much light on the nature, activities and uniqueness of demigods according to Indian Culture. Therefore it commands a special place in Sanskit literature.