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Word: सुर

Stem form: sura

  • Grammatical analysis: masculine noun

  • Translation: demigod (given below in tabular form)

Root (if available)

Etymological derivation <a href="file:///C:/Users/Arjuna/Downloads/GSSM-Lessons/SKD-Sura.htm#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1" title="">[1]</a>

Meaning in Sanskrit

Meaning in English

Grammatical Derivation <a href="file:///C:/Users/Arjuna/Downloads/GSSM-Lessons/SKD-Sura.htm#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2" title="">[2]</a>

सुर ऐश्वर्ये

सुरन्तीति सुराः


Those who possess great riches

राजृ दीप्तौ

सुष्ठु राजन्त इति सुराः


Those who shine forth in a nice manner

रा आदाने

भक्त्या दत्तं हविरादिकं सुष्टु रांति गृह्णंतीति वा सुराः


Those who partake of the oblations given with devotion by the people

रै शब्दे

समुद्रमथनोद्भवा सुरा येषामस्तीति वा सुराः


Those who consumed the nectar arising out of the churning of the milky ocean

रा दाने

सुष्टु वांछितं फलं रांति ददतीति वा सुराः


Those who, on being worshipped wholeheartedly, bestow the requested fruits to their devotees

Prefix: सु

Root: रा

Suffix: कः<a href="file:///C:/Users/Arjuna/Downloads/GSSM-Lessons/SKD-Sura.htm#_ftn3" name="_ftnref3" title="">[3]</a>

  1. Other meanings of the word (in different contexts)
    The Sun, A Scholar

  1. Usages in prominent texts of Sanskrit with references

In the sense of ‘Demigod

चुकोप तस्मै स भृशं सुरश्रियः प्रसह्य केशव्यपरोपणादिव । (रघुवंशः ३ - ५६)

(Translation to be given after referring to the original work and studying the context and other criteria.)

In the sense of ‘Scholar

लक्षणानि सुरास्तोमा निरुक्तं सुरपङ्क्तयः (महाभारतम् १३-८५-९१)

(Translation to be given after referring to the original work and studying the context and other criteria.)

  1. References in other lexicons etc.

This word is mentioned in the meaning demigod

in the Amara lexicon. The word is mentioned in the other two meanings in other lexicons whose names are not specifically mentioned in the SK.

  1. Any other information: Nil.

  • Notes by the editor:

The word ‘sura’ is a very significant word in Sanskrit. It has many meanings. The most important meaning is ‘demigod’. Though, in effect the word generally means ‘demigod’ the different derivations on account of which it gives such a meaning is very significant since it throws much light on the nature, activities and uniqueness of demigods according to Indian Culture. Therefore it commands a special place in Sanskit literature.


<a href="file:///C:/Users/Arjuna/Downloads/GSSM-Lessons/SKD-Sura.htm#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1" title="">[1]</a>

Only two etymological derivations are provided in the SK. The other etymological derivations are taken from other such works like Vachaspatyam etc.

<a href="file:///C:/Users/Arjuna/Downloads/GSSM-Lessons/SKD-Sura.htm#_ftnref2" name="_ftn2" title="">[2]</a>Grammatcial Derivation is given only for one meaning of the word as a sample. The same can be given for all meanings of the word.

<a href="file:///C:/Users/Arjuna/Downloads/GSSM-Lessons/SKD-Sura.htm#_ftnref3" name="_ftn3" title="">[3]</a>Grammatcial Derivation

सु + रा + कः : According to the rule of Panini viz., इगुपधज्ञाप्रीकिरः कः the said suffix is applied. Further the ककार of the suffix elides.
Later, the आ of the root रा also elides and the nominal stem सुर is formed.