Talk:/Medical Institutions in ancient india/Hospitals and Equipments/Surgical Hospitals

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Surgical Hospitals

 

�One suffering from wounds should be first taken to the surgical ward, and that ward should be built according to the rules of the architectural science In a ward built thuswise, which is auspi�cious, clean and protected from the sun and the wind one is free from diseases - psychic or somatic or diseases caused by external factors".

�The physician desiring to perform any of the surgical meas�ures should keep in readiness beforehand the following appurtenances viz, appliances, instruments, caustic alkalies, fire, probes, horns, leeches, sucking gourd, Jambavaustha, swabs, suturing thread, leaves, bandages, honey, ghee, fat, milk, oil, soothing lotions, ointment, paste, fan, cold and hot water, basin etc, and attendants who are affectionate, stead�fast and strong."

 

�Here, therefore, we shall instruct in brief concerning several accessories. It is thus. The expert architect should first design a good house which is strong and is warding off the wind except on one side, affording comfortable moving space, not surrounded by high places, not penetrable to smoke, heat, moisture, dust and to undesi�rable noise, contact, taste, sights and odour and is furnished with a water-storage room, pharmacy room, latrine, bath room and kitchen."

 

�Those who are well-versed in singing, playing of musical instruments, panegyrics, verses, stories, legends, modern history, my�thology, who are quick in understanding, who are of approved chara�cter, who are versed in the knowledge of clime and season and who are good members of society�.

 

�The fever-patient afflicted with a sensation of burning should lie down at ease in a specially constructed water-cooled chamber or an apartment cooled by frequent spraying of ice-cold water or cold sandal-water�.

 

"Apartments with arrangement for shower bath, cold under�ground chambers, resort to pleasant woods cooled by moist breezes, the application of vessels inlaid with azure, pearls and precious stones made cool by putting cold water in them��.

 

��By the warmth of the bed and the cover and the warmth of happiness and cheer of the interior apartments, alcoholism of the Vata-type gets subdued effectively.��

 

"The rumblings of thunder alleviate the effects of intoxication. Various devices of showering water and blowing breezes, and rooms equipped with cascades, should be devised by the physician for the cure of burning due to alcoholism. (The body should be painted ) with perfumed cherry, cuscus grass, lodh, fragrant sticky mallow, fragrant poon, cinnamon leaves and nut-grass."