Talk:/Medical Institutions in ancient india/institutions and universities/Buddha Viharas as Universities

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Buddha Viharas as Universities

 

As men got entangled more and more in the worldly affairs, the Rsi kula was eventually superseded by the Guru-kula. The Guru- kula tried to maintain the best tradition of the Rsi-kula as far as it was possible in its new environments. Consequent upon the disorga�nisation of Brahmanism when Buddhism came in the ascendance, it took up the link and continued to impart education in the Viharas (religious places) almost on the lines of the Gurukulas in a systematic way. We have adequate information regarding the Buddhistic Viharas. The manner in which they were utilized as universities was really admirable. Amongst these educational institutions the universities of Taksasila. Kasi, Nalanda, Udattapuri, Jagaddala, Mithila and Navadvlpa have earned fame in the scholastic world. Taksasila was situated about 20 miles west of modern Rawalpindi Valabhl was in Saurastra, while the others were in the Gangetic valley. Here thousands of people flocked together to quench their thirst for knowledge. There was a continuous flow of admiring pilgrims for getting the merit of having Darsana (auspicious sight) of these religio-educational sanctuaries. It was considered a high honour for foreign scholars to get admission into these temples of learning. It was due to the world-wide fame of these educational institutions that men like Fa Hyan and Huen Tsang came all the way from China, travelled through the whole of Aryavarta and left for us priceless accounts of their experiences. The high personages like the mighty chancellors Sila-bhadra, Dlpankara and Atisa had by their unrelenting studiousness made these universities universally lovable and popular.