Talk:/Medical Institutions in ancient india/method of theoretical and practical study/Means And Methods Of Study

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Means And Methods Of Study (Theoretical)

 

We shall next proceed to understand the methods the ancients adopted for disseminating this standard of knowledge and enabling such a comprehensive and thorough proficiency in the science. The three means of imparting and acquiring knowledge were �

�Tothis end, we shall indicate the means viz . study, teaching and discussion with those versed in the same subject. These are the three means."

 

We shall now discuss in some detail the nature of these three means or methods of education. The first is Adhyayana or learning from the teacher, the text and other things pertaining to the science. This word though in its limited sense meant only the learning word by word the sacred texts, yet in a larger sense comprised the whole course of instruction, theoretical as well as practical.

 

Caraka says:

 

��Three indeed are the modes of ascertaining the nature of disease, They are - authoritative instruction, direct observation and inference. Out of this group of the three sources of knowledge, the knowledge derived from authoritative instruction comes first. Thereafter investigation proceeds by means of observation and inference.

 

There are the three channels of acquiring knowledge, the first and most important is the theoretical knowledge and next is the practical experience and application of the theoretical knowledge and of the last but not of the least importance is the inferential method. It comprises of logical elaboration as well as the further supplementations by the intelligent teacher or student based on speculative or imaginative corollaries drawn from the main data of the theoretical text as well as the practical experience acquired in the past.