Talk:/Medical Institutions in ancient india/student's life and discipline/Holidays

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Holidays

 

Lastly, we shall note that certain days were observed as holidays, when the students were to abstain from study. There was a general injunction advising a student not to resort to study while in hunger or thirst or disease or indisposition.

�One should not study when he is overpowered by hunger, thirst, disease, dejection etc.�

 

�Do not conduct your studies, during unseasonal lightning, when the quarters are lit up with a lurid glow or while a conflagr�ation is in progress, during an earthquake, at festive-tide at, the time of meteoric showers, during eclipses of the sun and moon, on the new moon day and during the two twilights.�

 

�Do not conduct your studies on the eighth day of the dark- half, the last two days of the fortnight, and the same days of the bright half, two twilights of the day, on days of unseasonal lightning and thunder of clouds, on occasions of calamity to the sovereign or to the sovereignty of the realm, on going to cremation ground or in times of war, on great festival days or on sight of any unnatural phenomena�.

 

�Do not study on holy days, at two twilights, on days of lightning and tempest, on cloudy and rainy days on days when the sun is not sighted, on great festival-days, immediately after taking meals, on sight of anything marvelous, on days when the master is uneasy or when there occurs some distress to the cows, the Brahmanas, the preceptor or such others, on the day of the full-moon and on the eighth day of each fortnight.�

Whenever there was inclement weather such. as lightning, thunder-storms, when the sun was hidden by clouds, when there was earthquake, when thunderbolts fell, when there was an eclipse of the sun or the moon or on the new-moon day and at the time of the two twilights�at these times the students should avoid their studies. Besides these prohibited times, the great days of national and religious festivities such as the new years day and the birthdays of divine incarnations, must necessarily have been observed. We give below a detailed list of the general holidays observed according to the three ancient classics of Caraka, Susruta and Kasyapa,