Difference between revisions of "Talk:Dharma sastra"

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According to samskara manjari sadāchāra means the customs that are being observed in the particular place form ages by the ancestors. These customs are to be in accordance with śruti and smṛti.
 
According to samskara manjari sadāchāra means the customs that are being observed in the particular place form ages by the ancestors. These customs are to be in accordance with śruti and smṛti.
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== Yugadharma ==
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There are four yugas. 1. Kṛta 2. treta 3. dvāpara and 4. Kali. In dharma sastra the characteristics of each yuga are described in yuga dharma prakarana. For Example -
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a. Age – in kṛtayuga the age of people is 400 years. In dvāparayuga it is 300 years. In tretāyuga it is 200 years. In kaliyuga it is 100 years.
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b. Paradharma – paradharma means the most virtuous act that can be done. According to Mahabharata the paradharma in kṛtayuga is penance (tapas). In tretāyuga it is knowledge. In dvāparayuga it is yajna (sacrificial rite). And in kaliyuga it is danam (giving away for charity).

Revision as of 05:23, 23 June 2018

  1. Dharma
    1. Definition of Dharma
    2. Āchāra/Sadāchāra
    3. Yuga Dharma
    4. Srṣṭi Nirūpaṇa
    5. Varṇa Dharma
      1. Jāti
    6. Jāti Viveka
    7. Āśrama Dharma
  2. Samskāras
    1. Garbhādānam
    2. Puṃsavanaṃ
    3. Sīmantōnnayanam
    4. Jātakarma
    5. Nāmakaraṇam
    6. Annaprāśanaṃ
    7. Chūḍākarma
    8. Upanayanaṃ
    9. Vedavratas (4)
    10. Snātakaṃ
    11. Vivāhaṃ
    12. Antyeṣṭi
  3. Ānhika Prakaraṇaṃ
    1. Śauchavidhi
    2. Gaṇḍūṣa
    3. Āchamanaṃ
    4. Dantadhāvanaṃ
    5. Snānavidhi
      1. Kāmya Snānaṃ
    6. Ūrdhvapuṇḍra Dhāraṇaṃ
    7. Tripuṇḍra Dhāraṇaṃ
    8. Prāṇāyāma
    9. Bhōjanaṃ
      1. Āpōśanaṃ
      2. Āhāra Pramāṇaṃ
      3. Bhōjana Vidhi
      4. Bhakṣya-Abhakṣyaṃ
      5. Māṃsabhōjana Niyama
    10. Tāṃbūla Sevanaṃ
  4. Kāla Prakaraṇaṃ
    1. Definition of Kāla (Time)
    2. Tithi Nirṇaya from Pratipad to Chaturdaśī
    3. Various Vratas etc. to be performed in specific tithis
  5. Prāyaśchitta prakaraṇaṃ
    1. Adhikārī for Prāyaśchitta
    2. 11 Narakas
    3. Pāpa Phalaṃ
    4. Types of pāpaṃ
      1. Atipātaka
      2. Mahāpātaka
    5. Robbery - Prāyaśchittaṃ
    6. Agamyāgamanaṃ - Prāyaśchittaṃ
    7. Cause of Aśuchi
    8. Pratigrahaṇaṃ - Prāyaśchittaṃ
    9. Sādhāraṇa Prāyaśchittam
    10. Kṛcchra Swarūpaṃ
      1. Pāda Kṛcchram
      2. Kṛcchram
      3. Atikṛcchram
      4. Chāndrāyaṇam
  6. Āśaucham & Śrāddhaṃ

Dharma

Dharma, Artha, Kāma and Mokṣa are four principal puruṣārthas in Sanatna tradition. Puruṣārtha means ‘one’s purpose’ . Purpose is ‘that which oneself desires to acquire after knowing it’ . Among these puruṣārthas Dharma comes first and foremost, followed by artha (wealth, riches, property, money etc.) and Kāma (Love or Desire of sensual enjoyments). In order to maintain decorum and prevent unmārgapravṛtti (following evil courses or indiscipline ways) in the society, Artha and Kāma are bound by Dharma. That means that in pursuit to attain Artha or Kāma, dharma has to be consulted.

All the three puruṣārtha’s main purpose is to attain the state of Mokṣa (final emancipation, the deliverance of the soul from recurring births or transmigration) and hence, Mokṣa is considered the ultimate puruṣārtha. In the pursuit of Mokṣa, Dharma has a significant role.

Definition of dharma

The word Dharma is formed from the verbal root ‘dhṛ’ . The etymological meaning is ‘the prime cause for the order (lack of chaos) in the universe’ . The same meaning has been established by Sri AdiSankara in the opening lines of his commentary of Bhagavad Gita – ‘sabhagavānsruṣṭvedamjagat, tasyasthitimchikīrṣuḥ, ....dharmam-grāhayāmāsa’ .

According to the texts of Sanatana Tradition,Definition of Dharma differs from text to text. Like -

• According to tarkasangraha dharma is defined as ‘a property of ātma, born by performing rituals etc. prescribed by the Vedas’ .

vihitakarmajanyodharmaḥ

• Dharma, according to pūrvamīmāmsā is ‘rituals prescribed by vedas’ .

chodanālakṣṇārthodharmaḥ

• Haradatta, prominent scholar of dharma sastra, defined Dharma as ‘A property of ātma, bearing the name -apūrva- and the prime cause forprosperity and eternal bliss, born by performing prescribed rituals and good conduct’

vākkarmajanyaḥabhyudayaniśreyasahetuḥapūrvākhyaḥātmaguṇodharmaḥ

Even though the definition may differ, but the aspect of Dharma being the prime cause for prosperity and eternal bliss does not differ.

Āchāra/sadāchāra

According to samskara manjari sadāchāra means the customs that are being observed in the particular place form ages by the ancestors. These customs are to be in accordance with śruti and smṛti.

Yugadharma

There are four yugas. 1. Kṛta 2. treta 3. dvāpara and 4. Kali. In dharma sastra the characteristics of each yuga are described in yuga dharma prakarana. For Example -

a. Age – in kṛtayuga the age of people is 400 years. In dvāparayuga it is 300 years. In tretāyuga it is 200 years. In kaliyuga it is 100 years.

b. Paradharma – paradharma means the most virtuous act that can be done. According to Mahabharata the paradharma in kṛtayuga is penance (tapas). In tretāyuga it is knowledge. In dvāparayuga it is yajna (sacrificial rite). And in kaliyuga it is danam (giving away for charity).