Talk:Dharma sastra-Ānhika trapanam

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

Tarpaṇaṃ

Sauhityaṃ tarpaṇaṃ tṛptiḥ[1]

According to the etymology, Tarpaṇaṃ is the offering of oblations of water as prescribed by the Dharma Shastram to please our ancestors, gods, and sages. This offering is done using our right hand. Generally, water is the base element in this ritual. But in some special occasions, cow milk is also used. In the nitya karmānuṣṭhānaṃ[2] section sandhyāvandanaṃ[3] and brahmayajṅaṃ are having tarpaṇaṃ as a part of it.

kaniṣṭa dēśinyaṃguṣṭa mūlānyagraṃ karasya tu| prajāpati pitṛ brahma dēva tīrthānyanukramāt||[4]
Tarpanam.jpeg


In almost all traditional rituals the usage of water is essential. Water is also called tīrthaṃ. According to its position it is further classified.


  • Ṛṣi tīrthaṃ - The place situated at the bottom of the little finger is related to Ṛṣiḥ/ Sage, and the water situated at that place is called Ṛṣi tīrthaṃ.
  • Ṛṣi tarpaṇaṃ - The offering of oblations of water using Ṛṣi tīrthaṃ to respect Ṛṣiḥ/ Sage.


  • Pitṛ tīrthaṃ - The place situated at the bottom of the index finger is related to Pitā/ Ancestors, and the water situated at that place is called Pitṛ tīrthaṃ.
  • Pitṛ tarpaṇaṃ - The offering of oblations of water using Pitṛ tīrthaṃ to respect Pitā/ Ancestors.


  • Brahma tīrthaṃ - The place situated at the bottom of the thumb finger is related to Brahmā/ The creator, and the water situated at that place is called Brahma tīrthaṃ.
  • Brahma tarpaṇaṃ - The offering of oblations of water using Brahma tīrthaṃ to respect Brahmā/ The creator.


  • Dēva tīrthaṃ - All the tips of the fingers are related to Dēvaḥ/ The Gods, and the water situated at that place is called Dēva tīrthaṃ.
  • Dēva tarpaṇaṃ - The offering of oblations of water using Dēva tīrthaṃ to respect Dēvaḥ/ The Gods.


  • Agni tīrthaṃ - The place situated in the middle of the palm is related to Agniḥ/ The fire god, and the water situated at that place is called Agni tīrthaṃ.

  1. amarakōśaḥ 2-56
  2. The rituals performed daily till the body is healthy
  3. This is a ritual performed thrice daily at some prescribed junctions of time according to the movement of sun.
  4. Nityakarmaashtakam