Difference between revisions of "Talk:Dharma sastra-Saṃskāra-Chaulaṃ/Chūḍākarma"

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<blockquote>Viśikhō vyupavītaśca yat karoti na tat kṛtaṃ</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>Viśikhō vyupavītaśca yat karoti na tat kṛtaṃ</blockquote>
  
Chūḍākarma popularly known as Chaulaṃ is a saṃskāraḥ that is performed at the age of three. This saṃskāraḥ is instructed to be performed by the trauvarṇikāḥ, i.e. brāmaṇaḥ, kṣatriyaḥ and vaiśyaḥ. This saṃskāraḥ is prescribed only for boys. In the Indian tradition, many physical signs/ styles are introduced like yagṅōpavītaṃ for men and mangalasūtraṃ for women. These signify their bondage with the tradition. Śikhā is considered to be one of the most important components in a dharmic life. That is why the anuṣṭānaṃ did without a śikhā or yagṅōpavītaṃ is considered nullified.  
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Chūḍākarma popularly known as Chaulaṃ is a saṃskāraḥ that is performed at the age of three. This saṃskāraḥ is instructed to be performed by the trauvarṇikāḥ, i.e. brāmaṇaḥ, kṣatriyaḥ and vaiśyaḥ. This saṃskāraḥ is prescribed only for boys. In the Indian tradition, many physical signs/ styles are introduced like yagṅōpavītaṃ for men and mangalasūtraṃ for women, to signify their bondage with the tradition. Śikhā is considered to be one of the most important components in a dharmic life. That is why the anuṣṭānaṃ did without a śikhā or yagṅōpavītaṃ is considered nullified/ will not produce any result.  
  
<blockquote>Cūḍāyāḥ karaṇaṃ</blockquote>
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<blockquote>Cūḍāyāḥ karaṇaṃ, cūḍā prayōjanaṃ asya cauḍaṃ<ref>mahābhāṣyaṃ - in the Sanskrit language the letter 'ḍa' can be replaced by 'la'. So the word 'cauḍaṃ' became 'caulaṃ'</ref></blockquote>
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Chūḍā means lock of hair mostly in the centre part of the head, which is popularly known as śikhā also. karma means the procedure or work. So, Chūḍākarma is the saṃskāraḥ where the father is installing a śikhā by tonsuring the remaining hair with the help of a barber. This saṃskāraḥ is situated right before upanayanaṃ, Going to gurukulaṃ - teachers place to study. In the tradition, anuṣṭānaṃ - daily rituals and adhyanaṃ - learning from the teacher has a prominent place. These both are assumed to complement each other to fulfil their goals. So having a Śikhā signifies his willingness for anuṣṭānaṃ, which would eventually lead him to adhyanaṃ.       
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==Significance==
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<blockquote>Pāpōpaśamanaṃ kēśa nakha rōmāpavarjanṃ|
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Harṣa soubhāgyakaraṃ utsāhavardhanaṃ||<ref>suśṛutasaṃhitā - cikitsāsthānaṃ</ref></blockquote>
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Having a  Śikhā does not only signify his interest in the tradition but also has a relation with general health according to Suśṛutaḥ. Cutting nails, tonsuring hair on the head, and tonsuring hair situated on hand and legs would keep away some pollutants. This would also help happiness and would result in wealth.
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<blockquote>  
  
Chūḍā means lock of hair mostly on the center part of the head, which is popularly known as śikhā also. karma means the procedure or work. So, Chūḍākarma is the saṃskāraḥ where the father is installing a śikhā on the head of the boy.   
 
  
 
<blockquote>Chūḍākarma dvijātīnām sarveṣāmeva dharmataḥ|  
 
<blockquote>Chūḍākarma dvijātīnām sarveṣāmeva dharmataḥ|  
 
prathamebde tṛtīyevā kartavyam śrutichodanāt||<ref>manusmṛti, smṛti muktāphalaṃ, p.83</ref></blockquote>
 
prathamebde tṛtīyevā kartavyam śrutichodanāt||<ref>manusmṛti, smṛti muktāphalaṃ, p.83</ref></blockquote>
  
Till this saṃskāra is performed the child's hair is not cut or shaved. For the first time, the boy's head is shaved with a portion of hair left mostly in the center part of the head. This saṃskāra is performed without mantra and shaving of the hair for the girl child. As the female is not permitted to shave her head till ones husband's death, this saṃskāra is performed by just cutting a small portion of hair in all four directions and in the center.
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Till this saṃskāraḥ is performed the child's hair is not cut or shaved. For the first time, the boy's head is shaved with a portion of hair left mostly in the center part of the head. This saṃskāra is performed without mantra and shaving of the hair for the girl child. As the female is not permitted to shave her head till ones husband's death, this saṃskāra is performed by just cutting a small portion of hair in all four directions and in the center.
  
  
 
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Revision as of 09:52, 19 April 2019

Chaulaṃ/Chūḍākarma

Viśikhō vyupavītaśca yat karoti na tat kṛtaṃ

Chūḍākarma popularly known as Chaulaṃ is a saṃskāraḥ that is performed at the age of three. This saṃskāraḥ is instructed to be performed by the trauvarṇikāḥ, i.e. brāmaṇaḥ, kṣatriyaḥ and vaiśyaḥ. This saṃskāraḥ is prescribed only for boys. In the Indian tradition, many physical signs/ styles are introduced like yagṅōpavītaṃ for men and mangalasūtraṃ for women, to signify their bondage with the tradition. Śikhā is considered to be one of the most important components in a dharmic life. That is why the anuṣṭānaṃ did without a śikhā or yagṅōpavītaṃ is considered nullified/ will not produce any result.

Cūḍāyāḥ karaṇaṃ, cūḍā prayōjanaṃ asya cauḍaṃ[1]

Chūḍā means lock of hair mostly in the centre part of the head, which is popularly known as śikhā also. karma means the procedure or work. So, Chūḍākarma is the saṃskāraḥ where the father is installing a śikhā by tonsuring the remaining hair with the help of a barber. This saṃskāraḥ is situated right before upanayanaṃ, Going to gurukulaṃ - teachers place to study. In the tradition, anuṣṭānaṃ - daily rituals and adhyanaṃ - learning from the teacher has a prominent place. These both are assumed to complement each other to fulfil their goals. So having a Śikhā signifies his willingness for anuṣṭānaṃ, which would eventually lead him to adhyanaṃ.

Significance

Pāpōpaśamanaṃ kēśa nakha rōmāpavarjanṃ| Harṣa soubhāgyakaraṃ utsāhavardhanaṃ||[2]

Having a Śikhā does not only signify his interest in the tradition but also has a relation with general health according to Suśṛutaḥ. Cutting nails, tonsuring hair on the head, and tonsuring hair situated on hand and legs would keep away some pollutants. This would also help happiness and would result in wealth.


Chūḍākarma dvijātīnām sarveṣāmeva dharmataḥ| prathamebde tṛtīyevā kartavyam śrutichodanāt||[3]

Till this saṃskāraḥ is performed the child's hair is not cut or shaved. For the first time, the boy's head is shaved with a portion of hair left mostly in the center part of the head. This saṃskāra is performed without mantra and shaving of the hair for the girl child. As the female is not permitted to shave her head till ones husband's death, this saṃskāra is performed by just cutting a small portion of hair in all four directions and in the center.



  1. mahābhāṣyaṃ - in the Sanskrit language the letter 'ḍa' can be replaced by 'la'. So the word 'cauḍaṃ' became 'caulaṃ'
  2. suśṛutasaṃhitā - cikitsāsthānaṃ
  3. manusmṛti, smṛti muktāphalaṃ, p.83