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Indraluptam – n. indrāṇām indranīlavarṇakeśānāṁ luptaṁ lopo yasmāt (That, due to which there is a loss of emerald-coloured hair). It is a disease of hair, also known by the synonyms khālatyam, rujyā. It is known as ṭāka in Hindi. The symptoms of this disease are, according to the Nidāna, as follows – Vitiated pitta along with vāta at the hair roots makes the hairs to fall and further vitiated kapha and rakta closes the hair pores making it impossible to grow, this condition is called indralupta which is also called as khālatya (baldness) and Rujyā . Bhoja says, “According to some, indralupta, also known as rujyā , resembles khallī (a vāta disease)”. Kārttika opines, “Indralupta is the fall of hair (includes facial hair) unlike khālatya (baldness i.e scalp hairs only) whereas in rujyā, there is pain associated with scalp hair fall only. Treatment of this disease is described in Bhāvaprakāśa as follows – 1) Application of extract (svarasa) from Leaves of Paṭola (Bitter in taste) relieves Indralupta though it is very old within 3 days. 2) Triturating a combination of equal quantity of Gokṣura, Flowers of sesame, honey and ghee and its application overhead fills the head with hairs. 3) Soot prepared out of ivory and Rasañjana mixed with Goat’s milk relieves from indralupta as well as generates hair on palms also. 4) By using a combination of yaṣṭi, lotus (blue variety),grapes, oil, ghee and milk eradicates indralupta and makes the hair dense and strong. 5) An oil prepared by boiling with Jati, Karañja, varuṇa, Karavīra and massaged over the head relieves indralupta without a doubt. 6) The oil prepared with a paste of milk of snuhi, milk of arka, Lāṅgalī, bhṛṅgarāja, vatsanābha, aja mūtra, go mūtra, guñjā , indravāruṇī, siddhārthaka and vaca , when applied with limitation eradicates indralupta. Hārīta describes the symptoms and treatment of this disease as follows – The features will be like –dry and whitish due to vāta, reddish and with burning due to pitta, unctuous due to kapha, ripen due to rakta and due to sannipāta (combination of vata pitta and kapha) will have lakṣaṇas accordingly.

अस्य चिकित्सा यथा ॥ * ॥ “गुडेन सुरसा शुण्ठी मातुलुङ्गरसेन तु । केशघ्ने वातसम्भूते धावनञ्च प्रशस्यते ॥ १ ॥ त्रिफलाञ्च वचां शुण्ठीं गुडेनापि प्रपेषितम् । धावनं कफसम्भूते चेन्द्रलुप्ते प्रशस्यते ॥ २ ॥ पैत्तिके च हितं दुग्धं नवनीतान्वितन्तथा । सिताशिवाफलं यष्टी पैत्तिके धावनं मतम् ॥ ३ ॥ भृङ्गराजरसं ग्राह्यं शृङ्गवेररसन्तथा । सौवीरकरसेनापि तिलान् पिष्ट्वा प्रलेपनम् ॥ पश्चात् कार्य्यं पूरुषेण स्नानमुष्णेन वारिणा । धवार्ज्जुनकदम्बस्य शिरीषमपि रोहितम् ॥ क्वाथमेषां शिरोदद्रून् शमयेदिन्द्रलुप्तकभ् । कुरूवकस्य पुष्पेण जपायाः कुसुमेन च ॥ घृष्टस्य चेन्द्रलप्तस्य कृतमेव निवारणम् । In case of pittaja type of indralupta (loss of hairs) washing the hair with milk and other drugs told along with this are beneficial. Leaves of dattūra, pippalī, haridrā, indrayava, grahadhūma and khushta are to be ground into a paste and applied.

Paṭola, leaves of neem and aamla are to be ground and mixed with sugar, ghee and applied.By this one can find relief from loss of hair and all kinds śiroroga (Diseases of Head).

Making a soot with ivory and applying the same with butter is beneficial. Black sesame, arka, bhallātaka and black gram are burnt and made into ash which is to be applied along with butter. By application of ash of snake one can get rid of Baldness. Vitiated vāta along with pitta burns the pores in the scalp, leading to hair fall in humans Caraka gives the method of treatment as follows – In Khālitya, pālitya (greying of hairs), vali (wrinkles) and Tawny hairs purifications like nasya with taila and application of paste on the head are to be followed. By doing nasya with taila prepared using vidarigandha etc., jīvanīya gaṇa dravyas and anutaila cures baldness and greying of hairs.