Talk:Oath of initiation into medicine

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In Caraka Samhita

 

 

�The teacher then should instruct the disciple in the presence of the sacred fire, Brahmanas and physicians."

 

(saying) "Thou shalt lead the life of a bachelor (Brahmacari), grow thy hair and beard, speak only the truth, eat not meat, eat only pure articles of food, be free from envy and carry no arms. There shall be nothing that thou oughtest not do at my behest except hating the king or causing another's death or committing an act of great unrighteousness or acts leading to calamity.

 

Thou shalt dedicate thyself to me and regard me as thy chief. Thou ehalt be subject to me and conduct thyself for ever for my welfare and pleasure. Thou shalt serve and dwell with me like a son a slave or a supplicant. Thou shalt behave and act without arrogance and with care and attention, and with undistracted mind, humility, constant reflection, and with ungrudging obedience. Acting either at my behest or otherwise, thou shalt conduct thyself for achievement of thy teacher�s purposes alone, to the best of thy abilities.

 

If thou desirest success, wealth and fame as a physician and heaven after death, thou shalt pray for the welfare of all creatures beginning with the cows and Brahmanas.

 

Day and night, however thou mayest be engaged, thou shalt endeavour for the relief of patients with all thy heart and soul. Thou shalt not desert or injure thy patient even for the sake of thy life or thy living. Thou shalt not commit adultery even in thought. Even so, thou shalt not covet other�s possessions. Thou shalt be modest in thy attire and appearance. Thou shouldst not be a drunkard or a sinful man nor shouldst thou associate with the abettors of crimes. Thou shouldst speak words that are gentle, pure and righteous, pleasing, worthy, true, wholesome and moderate. Thy behaviour must be in considera�tion of time and place and heedful of past experience. Thou shalt act always with a view to the acquisition of knowledge and the fullness of equipment.

 

No persons who are hated of the king or who are haters of the king or who are hated of the public or who are haters of the public shall receive treatment. Similarly those that are of very unna�tural, wicked and miserable character and conduct, those who have not vindicated their honor and those that are on the point of death, and similarly women who are unattended by their husbands or guardians shall not receive treatment.

 

No offering of gifts by a woman without the behest of her husband or guardian shall be accepted by thee. While entering the patient's house thou shalt be accompanied by a man who is known to the patient and who has his permission to enter and thou shalt be well clad and bent of head, self-possessed and conduct thyself after repeated consideration. Thou shalt thus properly make thy entry. Having entered, thy speech, mind, intellect and senses shall be entirely, devoted to no other thought than that of being helpful to the patient and of things concerning him only.

 

The peculiar customs of the patient's household shall not be made public. Even knowing that the patient�s span of life has come to its close, it shall not be mentioned by thee there, where if so done, it would cause shock to the patient or to others.

 

Though possessed of knowledge, one should not boast very much of one's knowledge. Most people are offended by the boastful�ness of even those who are otherwise good and authoritative.�