Difference between revisions of "Talk:Prathamakalpika"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(upload missing article from Harshananda)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 +
 +
prathamakalpika
 +
 +
According to the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras (3.51) of Patañjali (200 B. C.), the yogis can be categorised into four
 +
 +
groups: prathamakalpika; madhubhumika; prajñājyoti; and atikrāntabhāvanīya. The prathamakalpika has just started the practice of yoga. He has not had any experience.
 +
 +
The madhubhumika has got samādhi on the pañcabhutas (elements) and the indriyas (senses). He has succeeded in getting ṛtambharaprajñā, the state of consciousness which gives the truth of everything that the yogi thinks of.
 +
 +
The prajñājyoti is the third type of yogi who has conquered the sense-organs and the five elements and is very near to puruṣakhyāti or realisation of the ātman, the Self.
 +
 +
The atikrāntabhāvanīya, the last, has attained the knowledge of the Self and hence a jīvanmukta, a liberated soul.
 +
 +
pratibandhikalpanā (‘showing the same defect in the opposite party’)
 +
 +
This is one of the eleven modes of tarka or logic.
 +
 +
The Nyāya philosophy states that the paramāṇus (atoms) are without parts, but can combine to produce bigger material objects. If the Vedāntin raises the objection that a partless paramāṇu can never come into contact with another paramāṇu which is also partless, the Nyāya-philosopher raises a similar objection regarding Brahman which is all-pervading (and hence without parts), viz., how it can come into contact with the objects of this world like pots. This type of raising a counter objection is called pratibandhikalpanā.
 +
 +
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
 +
== OLD CONTENT ==
 
According to the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras (3.51) of Patañjali (200 B. C.), the yogis can be categorised into four groups: prathamakalpika; madhubhumika; prajñājyoti; and atikrāntabhāvanīya. The prathamakalpika has just started the practice of yoga. He has not had any experience.
 
According to the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras (3.51) of Patañjali (200 B. C.), the yogis can be categorised into four groups: prathamakalpika; madhubhumika; prajñājyoti; and atikrāntabhāvanīya. The prathamakalpika has just started the practice of yoga. He has not had any experience.
 
The madhubhumika has got samādhi on the pañcabhutas (elements) and the indriyas (senses). He has succeeded in getting ṛtambharaprajñā, the state of consciousness which gives the truth everything that the yogi thinks of.
 
The madhubhumika has got samādhi on the pañcabhutas (elements) and the indriyas (senses). He has succeeded in getting ṛtambharaprajñā, the state of consciousness which gives the truth everything that the yogi thinks of.
 
The prajñājyoti is the third type of yogi who has conquered the sense-organs and the five elements and is very near to puruṣakhyāti or realisation of the ātman, the Self.
 
The prajñājyoti is the third type of yogi who has conquered the sense-organs and the five elements and is very near to puruṣakhyāti or realisation of the ātman, the Self.
 
The atikrāntabhāvanīya, the last, has attained the knowledge of the Self and hence a jīvanmukta, a liberated soul.
 
The atikrāntabhāvanīya, the last, has attained the knowledge of the Self and hence a jīvanmukta, a liberated soul.

Revision as of 09:19, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

prathamakalpika

According to the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras (3.51) of Patañjali (200 B. C.), the yogis can be categorised into four

groups: prathamakalpika; madhubhumika; prajñājyoti; and atikrāntabhāvanīya. The prathamakalpika has just started the practice of yoga. He has not had any experience.

The madhubhumika has got samādhi on the pañcabhutas (elements) and the indriyas (senses). He has succeeded in getting ṛtambharaprajñā, the state of consciousness which gives the truth of everything that the yogi thinks of.

The prajñājyoti is the third type of yogi who has conquered the sense-organs and the five elements and is very near to puruṣakhyāti or realisation of the ātman, the Self.

The atikrāntabhāvanīya, the last, has attained the knowledge of the Self and hence a jīvanmukta, a liberated soul.

pratibandhikalpanā (‘showing the same defect in the opposite party’)

This is one of the eleven modes of tarka or logic.

The Nyāya philosophy states that the paramāṇus (atoms) are without parts, but can combine to produce bigger material objects. If the Vedāntin raises the objection that a partless paramāṇu can never come into contact with another paramāṇu which is also partless, the Nyāya-philosopher raises a similar objection regarding Brahman which is all-pervading (and hence without parts), viz., how it can come into contact with the objects of this world like pots. This type of raising a counter objection is called pratibandhikalpanā.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

According to the Vyāsabhāsya on the Yogasutras (3.51) of Patañjali (200 B. C.), the yogis can be categorised into four groups: prathamakalpika; madhubhumika; prajñājyoti; and atikrāntabhāvanīya. The prathamakalpika has just started the practice of yoga. He has not had any experience. The madhubhumika has got samādhi on the pañcabhutas (elements) and the indriyas (senses). He has succeeded in getting ṛtambharaprajñā, the state of consciousness which gives the truth everything that the yogi thinks of. The prajñājyoti is the third type of yogi who has conquered the sense-organs and the five elements and is very near to puruṣakhyāti or realisation of the ātman, the Self. The atikrāntabhāvanīya, the last, has attained the knowledge of the Self and hence a jīvanmukta, a liberated soul.