By Swami Harshananda
pratihāra, pratihartr The udgātṛ is one of the four principal priests in a Vedic sacrifice, representing the Sāmaveda and singing the sāmans at the appropriate stages in a sacrifice. He has three assistants one of whom is the pratihartṛ or pratihartā. It is his duty to chant the pratihāra (a part of the sāman, introduced with the chant hum). The pratihāra is like a reply or response to prastāva, the first part of a sāman.
See also SĀMAN.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore