# Talk:Pratijñā

By Swami Harshananda

pratijñā (‘statement of assurance or assertion’)

The general meaning of the word is ‘giving word,’ ‘asserting something as true,’ ‘a statement of fact’.

However, in the Nyāyadarśana (Hindu logic) it is the first of the five steps of a logical statement.

Pratijñā is a statement of fact, as asserted by one who is ready to prove it.

For instance: ‘parvato vahnimān,’

‘there is fire on the hill.’

This is subsequently proved by four steps: hetu (reason); udāharaṇa (instance, example); upanaya (application of the general to the particular) and nigamana (final conclusion).

## References

• The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

## OLD CONTENT

The general meaning of the word is ‘giving word,’ ‘asserting something as true,’ ‘a statement of fact’. However, in the Nyāyadarśana (Hindu logic) it is the first of the five steps of a logical statement. Pratijñā is a statement of fact, as asserted by one who is ready to prove it. For instance: ‘parvato vahnimān,’ ‘there is fire on the hill.’ This is subsequently proved by four steps: hetu (reason); udāharaṇa (instance, example); upanaya (application of the general to the particular) and nigamana (final conclusion).