Talk:Qualities of the Teacher

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Qualities of the Teacher

 

The texts of Ayurveda also lay down what the qualities of a real teacher should be. They desired that the teacher should be of high exceptional abilities both moral and intellectual and should enable the pupils to attain a knowledge that would give them fulfilment of life. With this high purpose in view, the teacher was required to be an ideal to the pupils and an undenying source of knowledge and inspiration to them. Hence his qualities were placed very high and only within the possibility of the best men of the race. He was also required to know the whole science, and even allied sciences and arts thoroughly and exhaustively. Not only that, but he must be able to supplement the texts by his own comments drawn systematically from his own imagination and logic. He must possess the necessary powers of expression and exposition and clarity so as to enable the three grades of students namely, highly intelligent, the moderately intelligent as well as the lowest grade of students to understand. The teacher was also required to be able either to expand or to abridge the exposition of a subject as the occasion demanded

Afore than all these, the teacher must be able to bring to his high task an undistracted mind and make this his sole task of life and devote all his energies to it. He must have unbounded affection for his disciples and should devote a personal and individual care and thought over every pupil and be his source of inspiration and guidance through life. This spirit is gradually on the wane under the present condition of educational methods and it is most essential that we try to revive this spirit of intimate relation between the teacher and the taught.

 

Lastly, the teacher may not withhold from his pupils any aspect or recondite doctrine regarding the science that he undertook to teach at the time when the student takes the oath of initiation. To make this a moral and spiritual binding, the teacher had to take vow, on the occasion of taking oath of initiation by the student.

 

�When you on your part keep your vows and if I do not respond fully and impart all my knowledge. I shall become a sinner and my knowledge shall go fruitless�. Such a vow is worth introducing into the present system of education

 

The Smitikaustubha narrates how a teacher was condemned to be a mango tree in his next existence for his failure to impart Vedic knowledge.

 

There is an obvious subtle humour in the retribution imposed upon the teacher who would not give what he possessed to others; as a mango tree he would have to give all fruits to others and retain none for himself.

 

We shall here cite the main qualities required of the teacher as described in Caraka, Susruta, Vagbhata and Kasyapa.

 

1.�� Possessed of unblemished knowledge of the science.

2.�� Adept in practice

3.�� Possessed of skill

4.�� Compliant

5.�� Possessed of the purity of mind and body

6.�� Possessed of a practised hand

7.�� Possesed of full equipment

8.�� Of all the senses intact

9.�� Possessed of full knowledge of constitution

10. Prompt in decision

11. Ripe in wisdom

12. Free from arrogance

13. Free from carping

14. Free from irritability

15. Possessed of endurance

16. Possessed of love for the pupils

17. Devoted to imparting knowledge

18. Capable of deep insight

19. Skilled in righteousness, knowledge, science, imagination and practice

20. Possessed of good qualities

21. Endowed with pleasant appearance

22. Given to seeing to the welfare of the pupils

23. Given to guidance

24. Skilled in the exposition and interpretation of the science of medicine

25. Possessing knowledge obtained from the personal contact with a preceptor.

26. Possessed of good health

27. Dedicated solely to the task of undistracted mind