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By Swami Harshananda

sādhanacatusṭaya (‘fourfold spiritual discipline [of Vedānta]’)

Works on Advaita Vedānta prescribe a mode of sādhana (spiritual discipline) which has two stages.

The first or the preliminary stage is called sādhanacatuṣṭaya, or the fourfold spiritual discipline. These disciplines are:

Viveka (discrimination); vairāgya (renunciation); śamādiṣaṭka (the group of six, starting with śama or quietude) and mumukṣutva (desire for mokṣa or liberation).

See under each title for details.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore