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By Swami Harshananda

Sabdādvaita (‘advaita of śabda’)

Maṇḍana Miśra (A. D. 750-800), an advaitin, has propagated this view in his well-known work Brahmasiddhi.

According to him, Brahman (who is advaita or one without a second) is consciousness and that consciousness is the power of speech, which again is of the nature of śabda, sound or vibration. Hence Brahman is of the nature of ‘śabda’ or speech.

Though Maṇḍana, following Bhartṛ-hari (5th century A. D.), a philosopher of the school of grammar, adduces several powerful arguments in its favour, later advaitins do not subscribe to his views.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore