Difference between revisions of "Talk:The Baudhayana Dharmasutra"

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(Contents of Baudhāyana Dharmasutra)
(Contents of Baudhāyana Dharmasutra)
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* Dharma<ref>Sutras XLVI-XLIX</ref>
 
* Dharma<ref>Sutras XLVI-XLIX</ref>
  
Dr. Caland edited nine prahtas of the Srautasutra for the B. I. Series ( A. D. 1904 ). Dr. R. Sham- sastri published for the Mysore University ( in 1920) the Baudh.iya- nagrhyasutra with pariMulfd, grhyasc.sa, Pitrmedhasutra. The Grhyasutra cites the view of Baudhayana himself ( I. 7 ). The Baudhayana-dharma refers to the Griiya and pre.suppo.ses it in several places ( vide note 54 ). In the Baudhayanagrhya ( III. 9. 6 ) we have a reference to pada'nara Atreya, Vfttikara Kaundinya, pravacanakara Kanva Bodhayana, and Sutrakara Apastamba.**^! A similar passage 68a gffsi ^%nrrr; RRRq SIW-  
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Dr. Caland edited nine prasnas of the Srautasutra for the B. I. Series<ref>It happened in A. D. 1904</ref>. Dr. R. Sham-sastri published for the Mysore University<ref>It happened in 1920.,<ref> the Baudhayana-grhyasutra with paribhasa, grhyasesa, Pitrmedhasutra. The Grhyasutra cites the view of Baudhayana himself ( I. 7 ). The Baudhayana-dharma refers to the Griiya and pre.suppo.ses it in several places ( vide note 54 ). In the Baudhayanagrhya ( III. 9. 6 ) we have a reference to pada'nara Atreya, Vfttikara Kaundinya, pravacanakara Kanva Bodhayana, and Sutrakara Apastamba.**^! A similar passage 68a gffsi ^%nrrr; RRRq SIW-  
 
The epithets must be understood as arranged above, since elsewhere the epithet is specially appropriated to The (II. 20. 1, <?. The Bcmdhiayam Dharmaftufra occurs in the Bharadvaja GHiyasutra. In the Baudhayana-dhamia- sutra ( II. J. 27 Rsitarpana ) \vc have Kanva Bodhayana, Apas- tamba sutrakara and Satyasadha Iliranyakcsin one after another. These references show that Kanva Bodhayana was an ancient sage when the Baudhayana-dliarniasutra was written and that he could not have been the author of the grhya or the dharma sutras of Haudhayana. Baudliayana may have been a descendant of this Kanva Bodhayana. This surmise is supported by Govindasvamin who explains Baudhiiyana occurring in Baudhayanadharmasuira I. 3. 13, as Kanvayana. In the dharmasiitra Baudhfiyana is himself cited as an authority several limes ( e. g. I. /|. 15 and 24, III. 5. 8, III. 6 . 20 ). In all these places the Mysore edition reads Bodhayana, while the Anandasrama reads Baudliayana. In one or two places he is styled ‘ bhagavan ’ ( HI. 6. 20 ). Several explanations arc ofl'ered by the commentator Govindasvamin ( on I. 3. 13). He .says that it is the practice of the Acaryas to refer to themselves in the third person ( as Medhiitithi says on Manu*’) or that the author of the dharmasiitra is a pupil of Baudhayana as the Manusmrti is promulgated by Bhrgu, the pupil of Manu, or there was some other Baudhdyana whose works have not come down to us.  
 
The epithets must be understood as arranged above, since elsewhere the epithet is specially appropriated to The (II. 20. 1, <?. The Bcmdhiayam Dharmaftufra occurs in the Bharadvaja GHiyasutra. In the Baudhayana-dhamia- sutra ( II. J. 27 Rsitarpana ) \vc have Kanva Bodhayana, Apas- tamba sutrakara and Satyasadha Iliranyakcsin one after another. These references show that Kanva Bodhayana was an ancient sage when the Baudhayana-dliarniasutra was written and that he could not have been the author of the grhya or the dharma sutras of Haudhayana. Baudliayana may have been a descendant of this Kanva Bodhayana. This surmise is supported by Govindasvamin who explains Baudhiiyana occurring in Baudhayanadharmasuira I. 3. 13, as Kanvayana. In the dharmasiitra Baudhfiyana is himself cited as an authority several limes ( e. g. I. /|. 15 and 24, III. 5. 8, III. 6 . 20 ). In all these places the Mysore edition reads Bodhayana, while the Anandasrama reads Baudliayana. In one or two places he is styled ‘ bhagavan ’ ( HI. 6. 20 ). Several explanations arc ofl'ered by the commentator Govindasvamin ( on I. 3. 13). He .says that it is the practice of the Acaryas to refer to themselves in the third person ( as Medhiitithi says on Manu*’) or that the author of the dharmasiitra is a pupil of Baudhayana as the Manusmrti is promulgated by Bhrgu, the pupil of Manu, or there was some other Baudhdyana whose works have not come down to us.  
 
The following are the contents of the Baudhayana-dharmasutra; — who are sishis, pari^ad, different practices of northern and southern India, countries where reside and where mixed castes reside, praya.scitta for visiting countries of the latter type •, 2. Studenthood for 24 or 12 years, time of upauayana and Uie g'lreUe, sVm, staff appropriate to each caste, duties of /ira/j»;rt<v// 7 i/, eulogy oi hnibiiiiwaryii 3. The duties of the stidtuka who has completed his studies and observances but has not yet married ; 4. directions about carrying the earthen jar ( in the case of the ntrt/flA’rt ); 5. bodily and mental sauca, purification of various substances, impurity on birth and death, meaning of snpinda and sahilya, rules of inheritance, purification on touching a corpse or a woman in her menses or on dog-bite, what flesh and food w’as ed. by Kirate in 1889 ) makes this clear. It roads ‘ ( quoted by Dr. Caland in * Uber das Rituelle &c. p. 3. n. 2 ) reads  
 
The following are the contents of the Baudhayana-dharmasutra; — who are sishis, pari^ad, different practices of northern and southern India, countries where reside and where mixed castes reside, praya.scitta for visiting countries of the latter type •, 2. Studenthood for 24 or 12 years, time of upauayana and Uie g'lreUe, sVm, staff appropriate to each caste, duties of /ira/j»;rt<v// 7 i/, eulogy oi hnibiiiiwaryii 3. The duties of the stidtuka who has completed his studies and observances but has not yet married ; 4. directions about carrying the earthen jar ( in the case of the ntrt/flA’rt ); 5. bodily and mental sauca, purification of various substances, impurity on birth and death, meaning of snpinda and sahilya, rules of inheritance, purification on touching a corpse or a woman in her menses or on dog-bite, what flesh and food w’as ed. by Kirate in 1889 ) makes this clear. It roads ‘ ( quoted by Dr. Caland in * Uber das Rituelle &c. p. 3. n. 2 ) reads  

Revision as of 02:09, 2 December 2019

The text of Baudhāyana Dharmasutra has been edited several times.[1][2][3] The Mysore edition has been used in this work.

Baudhāyana is a teacher of the Krsnayajurveda. A complete set of the Baudhāyanasutras has not yet been recovered and has not been as carefully preserved as the sutras of Apastamba and Hiranyakesin. Dr. Burnell arranges Baudhayana’s sutras into six sutras, the Śrautasutra in 19 praśnas; Karmāntasutra in 20 adhyāyas; Dvaidhasutra in four praśnas; Grhyasutra in four prasnas ; Dharmasutra in four prasnas ; Sulvasutra in three adhyāyas. The commentators do not indicate the place originally assigned to the grhya, dharma and sulva sutras in the whole collection. Dr, Caland in his monograph[4]

Contents of Baudhāyana Dharmasutra

The contents of Baudhāyana Dharmasutra can be denoted as follows:

Dr. Caland edited nine prasnas of the Srautasutra for the B. I. Series[17]. Dr. R. Sham-sastri published for the Mysore UniversityCite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag
  1. The text was first edited by Dr. Hultzsch at Leipzig in 1884.
  2. It was then edited in the Anandāśrama collection of smṛtis.
  3. It was later on edited by the Mysore Government Oriental Series in 1907 with the commentary of Govindasvamin; translated in S. B. E., Vol. 14, with an Introduction.
  4. It was published in A.D. 1903.
  5. Sutras from I-XXI
  6. Sutras from XXII-XXV
  7. Sutras from XXVI-XXVIII
  8. Sutras from XXIX-XXXI
  9. Sutras XXXII
  10. Sutras XXXIII-XXX
  11. Sutras XXXVI
  12. Sutras XXXVII
  13. Sutras XXXVIII-XLI
  14. Sutras XLII-XLIV
  15. Sutras XLV
  16. Sutras XLVI-XLIX
  17. It happened in A. D. 1904