Talk:The Individual and Medicine
The Individual and Medicine
The object of the science of medicine is two-fold. Firstly, it is for the preservation of good health and prolongation of life, for this task demands all the diligent effort man is capable of, and secondly the combating of disease.�������
The first of these two aims may be gained by proper living, by right regulation of diet, exercise and habits all of which are possible for each individual, provided he or she possesses the necessary enlightenment and education. The second of the aims, i e the combating of disease, may not be possible for every individual if the complaints happen to require elaborate or deep knowledge of diagnosis and therapeusis. But where the complaints are minor and demand nothing more than a familiar and simple drug or an easy manipulation of diet or conduct, every individual or family ought to be able to manage for himself or itself without having to resort to outside help. This self-sufficiency of the individual and the family in the preservation of health and the checking of disease, is an ideal fraught with individual as well as national good. The right way to achieve this is through education at the primary and the secondary stages, for then the largest part of the nation reaps the benefits. With the attainment of this hygienic and medical self-sufficiency and independence of the individual and the family, the state gets relieved of a large part of the burden that it has otherwise to bear, and is left free to pursue with greater intensity and concentration the problems of serious and difficult forms of disease and epidemics.
This was the actual state of affairs in ancient India There obtained a broad and universal system of education and enlighten�ment and elementary knowledge of medicine or personal hygiene formed part of that education in the secondary stage of it.