Talk:Yugapurāṇa

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
Revision as of 05:12, 15 November 2014 by HindupediaSysop (Talk | contribs) (upload missing article from Harshananda)

By Swami Harshananda

Yugapurāṇa

This forms the 113th chapter of the treatise Gārgl Samhitā, a work on astrology. It is sometimes called Skanda-purāna—not to be confused with the well-known bigger work—probably because it begins with a question by Skanda to Śiva. It is placed at 100 B. C.

Couched in the style of the purāṇas it deals mainly with the characteristics of the four yugas—Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali—that of Kaliyuga resembling closely with the one given in the Vanaparva (Chapter 188, verses 30-64) of the epic Mahābhārata.

The attack on Sāketa and Pāṭālīputra by the kings of Pāñcāla and Mathurā along with the Yavanas gets a prominent place. The depredations of the enemy armies and destruction of the civilian population make a dismal reading.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Yugapurāṇa This forms the 113th chapter of the treatise Gārgl Sarhhitā, a work on astrology. It is sometimes called Skanda- purāna—not to be confused with the well-known bigger work—probably because it begins with a question by Skanda to Śiva. It is placed at 100 B. C. Couched in the style of the purāṇas it deals mainly with the characteristics of the four yugas—Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali—that of Kaliyuga resembling closely with the one given in the Vanaparva (Chapter 188, verses 30-64) of the epic Mahābhārata. The attack on Sāketa and Pāṭālīputra by the kings of Pāñcāla and Mathurā along with the Yavanas gets a prominent place. The depredations of the enemy armies and destruction of the civilian population make a dismal reading. yugas The concept of kāla or time as evolved by the Hindu scriptures from the smallest unit to colossal limits is, to say the least, mind-boggling. Nimeṣa, the time taken for winking the eyelids once, is taken as the smallest unit. The biggest unit, for the purpose of expounding the concept of yuga, can be taken as one day of Brahmā, the four-faced creator. It is called kalpa. In terms of human years it is 4.32 billion (4.32 x 109) years. This kalpa includes 1000 mahāyugas. Each mahāyuga—also called caturyuga— consists of the four well-known yugas: Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali. The following table gives an idea of these four yugas in terms of divine and human years, the divine year being 360 times the human year: Divine Years Human Years Kṛtayuga 4800 17,28,000 Tretāyuga 3600 12,96,000 Dvāparayuga 2400 8,64,000 Kaliyuga 1200 4,32,000 Each of these yugas is preceded by a short period called sandhyā and followed by another, called sandhyāṅiśa. Thus, the Kṛtayuga is preceded by 400 divine years (sandhyā) and followed by another 400 divine years (sandhyāṅiśa). The figures for the other three are 300 + 300; 200 + 200; 100 + 100. The descriptions given so far are based on the ones commonly found in the epics and the purāṇas (vide Visnupurāna 1.3; 6.3). However, the meaning and concept seem to have undergone quite a few changes in course of time. In the Vedāñga- jyautisa (verse 5) it is a duration of five years. In the Rgveda (3.26.3) it means just a day or a very short period. In other places, the names Kṛta and so on have been used to indicate a number got by the throw of dice. (vide Chāndogya Upanisad 4.1.4.) See also dvāparayuga, kāla, kali- YUGA, KALPA, KRTAYUGA, MANVANTARA, TRETĀYUGA.