By Swami Harshananda
Turiya literally means ‘the fourth’.
Treatises on Advaita Vedānta take recourse to a method called ‘avasthātraya-viveka’ to prove the existence of the ātman as pure consciousness beyond the body-mind complex. Since it persists through all the three states of consciousness it is called the ‘turīya’ or ‘the fourth’. The three states are:
- Jāgrat - waking state
- Svapna - dream state
- Suṣupti - deep-sleep state
- It is the method of ‘analysis of the three states of consciousness’.
- Ātman means the individual soul.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore