By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Ubhayabharati, UbhayabharatI, Ubhayabharati
The traditional biographies of Śaṅkara like the Śankara-digvijaya of Mādhava-Vidyāraṇya state that after Śaṅkara vanquished Maṇḍana Miśra, a great scholar of Mīmānsā philosophy, his wife Bhāratī challenged him for an intellectual debate. She was finally humbled by Śaṅkara and like her husband, she too decided to become a recluse and a disciple. She is said to have followed Śaṅkara to Śṛṅgeri and settled down there. She has been described as an incarnation of Sarasvatī born on earth due to a curse of the sage Durvāsas.
The temple of Śāradāmbā at Śṛṅgerī is her temple. Since she acted as a judge in the debate between Śaṅkara and Maṇḍana, for both of them, she came to be known as Ubhayabharatī. Her original name has also been mentioned as Sarasavāṇī, Vāṇī and Ambā.
- He lived in A. D. 788-820.
- He lived in 14th century A. D.
- Ubhaya means both.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore